0000002137 00000 n This booklet, “The Madrid Protocol: A Route to Global Branding”, is a comprehensive guide for businesses in Thailand wishing to protect their trademarks internationally, detailing the advantages of the Madrid system, procedures and fees, domestic requirements, and tips for brand development, among many The Madrid Protocol has also been commended for establishing more stringent rules through As a result, there has been an ever increasing amount of reporting and improved communication between treaty parties (ASOC, 2011). Generally, an international application must be filed electronically using the Trademark Electronic Application System … (A 78 0 obj <>stream 48A in all countries they designate that are signatories to the Madrid Protocol,3 subject to objection by a country within approximately eighteen months of Applicants can file a single application for registration of a trade mark designating up to 122 countries. RIGHT OF PROTECTION IN MOROCCO Convention signed at Madrid July 3,1880 Effective from July 3, 1880 Ratifications exchanged at Tangier May 1, 1881 Senate advice and consent to ratification May 5,1881 Ratified bythe President of the United States May 10, 1881 0 Environmental principles of the Madrid Protocol. This treaty allows owners of U.S. trademark registrations and pending applications for registration to Madrid-designations. Guidelines for functioning under the Madrid Protocol TMR Mumbai Version- 1 Page 2 of 43 INTRODUCTION The system of international registration of marks is governed by two treaties: the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks ( referred as ‘Madrid Agreement’ in brief), which dates from 1891, and the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement ( hereinafter referred As a result, there has been an ever increasing amount of reporting and improved communication between treaty parties (ASOC, 2011). The Madrid Protocol is an effort to resolve many of these issues. The Madrid system comprises two treaties; the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks, which was concluded in 1891, and entered into force in 1892, and the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement, which came into operation on 1 April 1996.The Madrid Agreement and Madrid Protocol were adopted at diplomatic conferences held in Madrid, Spain. Madrid System for International Registration of Trademarks 3. How can a U.S. trademark owner file an international application with the USPTO? Protocol users can file an ‘international application’designating Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty (Madrid Protocol). It leads them through the various steps of the international registration procedure and explains the essential provisions of the Madrid Agreement, the Madrid Protocol and the Common Regulations. Pobierz bezpłatny program Acrobat Reader DC — jedyną przeglądarkę plików PDF, która obsługuje odczytywanie, przeszukiwanie, drukowanie i inne opcje używania praktycznie wszystkich plików PDF. The Madrid System for the International Registration of Marks is governed by the Madrid Agreement, concluded in 1891, and the Protocol relating to that Agreement, concluded in 1989.The system makes it possible to protect a mark in a large number of countries by obtaining an international registration that has effect in each of the designated Contracting Parties. The Protocol provides that protection of the Antarctic environment and dependent and associated ecosystems and the intrinsic value of Antarctica must be fundamental considerations in the planning and conduct of all human activities in Antarctica. In a nutshell, the Protocol offers a simplified trademark application process, cost savings for the applicant and one set of rules applicable to the filing and registration of the marks. Madrid Agreement (Marks) (1891), revised at Brussels (1900), at Washington (1911), at The Hague (1925), at London (1934), Nice (1957) and at Stockholm (1967), and amended in 1979 . trailer In considering using the Madrid system, trademark owners and counsel should consider, in addition to countries of potential interest, … The "Madrid Protocol" is an international treaty that allows a trademark owner to seek registration in any of the countries that have joined the Madrid Protocol by filing a single application, called an "international application." Visit Manage Your International TM Registration for more information. Post Registration Timeline for Madrid Protocol-Based Registrations You filed a request for extension of protection of an international registration by designating the United States in your international application or in a subsequent designation form that is filed with the International Bureau (IB). %%EOF 66 13 1172 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<735777D5788A59449E6F18C041BDA121>]/Index[1158 150]/Info 1157 0 R/Length 82/Prev 59608/Root 1159 0 R/Size 1308/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Protection (an International Registration) can only be obtained for countries and regions which have joined the system (member countries). Protection (an International Registration) can only be obtained for countries and regions which have joined the system (member countries). What Is the Madrid Protocol? Step 1. The "Madrid Protocol" - The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty Additions to the Antarctic Treaty are known as "protocols", they are usually named after the place where they were signed. Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks . 0000001105 00000 n Before filing an application for international registration with its national intellectual property office, the applicant will need to have already registered, or have filed an application, in the "home " intellectual property office (known as the Office of origin). Section 66(a) Timeline: Application based on Madrid Protocol 4. Using this process, registrants are able to complete a single application, in their home language, that can then be applied to over 90 member countries. WTO Member? Overall, the international procedure under the Madrid Protocol comprises three stages. 4 Not applicable to either Hong Kong, China or Macao, China. 0000004029 00000 n Methylprednisolone 80 mg loading dose then 40 mg q 12 hourly for at least 7 days and until transferred out of ICU. Download Bern Trips Madrid Protocol pdf. The Madrid Protocol is an international treaty designed to simplify the international trademark registration process. Provided the owner of a US trademark application or registration (i) is a 0000001609 00000 n MADRID PROTOCOL ON THE PRINCIPLES OF EVALUATION OF LEGAL EDUCATION Recognizing that there is a diversity of approaches, higher legal education evaluation must: 1) Respect the competence of the legal academy to set, maintain and improve legal education standards; The Madrid system comprises two treaties; the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks, which was concluded in 1891, and entered into force in 1892, and the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement, which came into operation on 1 April 1996.The Madrid Agreement and Madrid Protocol were adopted at diplomatic conferences held in Madrid, Spain. xref Madrid Portfolio Manager (MPM) 25 6. endstream endobj startxref Environmental principles of the Madrid Protocol. 2. Pastry in amsterdam, bern madrid protocol is considerable unexplored potential reputational implications of an advantage of this may establish new bill and instructions Municipalities such works of trips agreement The Madrid Protocol for the international registration of marks is a treaty administered by the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in Geneva. The Madrid Protocol is an international treaty designed to simplify the process for obtaining and maintaining trademark protection through a centralized filing system. The system based on both treaties, the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol, is called the Madrid … The Protocol allows you to obtain and maintain protection for your brand around the world by providing a The Madrid Protocol is a system for MADRID FAQs 2. The Madrid Protocol is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), which is a specialized agency of the United Nations, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. 0 1. �X`�������(((�� Qk��� ���� ��(��ש@=�i. 0000004384 00000 n The Madrid System includes the Madrid Protocol and the Madrid Agreement, it is an administrative center for trademark registrations enabling a trademark holder to extend their application to other countries, however the system itself is slightly more complicated: The system based on both treaties, the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol, is called the Madrid … It was adopted in Spain's capital on June 27, 1989, … 0000000016 00000 n h�bbd``b`�$f F �#$8 v1 ��"��=� �e�$v�``bd���8J� �s��p���K� �mg The Guide is updated from time to time. 1158 0 obj <> endobj The Antarctic Treaty Nations agreed on this in 1991, it came into force in 1998. Madrid Protocol Countries The Madrid Protocol offers a useful option for registering and managing trade marks worldwide through the World Intellectual Property Organisation. 66 0 obj <> endobj The instrument of accession which was signed by the Minister of Domestic Trade and … Postcode Postcode Form TM4 Application to transform a Madrid Protocol Designation Nil Fee Use this form to transform your Madrid Protocol Designation to a UK Trade Mark application. Protocol, or is a national of a Member State of such an organization. HDU( �d �24H0 the Madrid Protocol for the International Registration of Marks with the Director-General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) on August 7, 2017 with an effective date in Thailand on November 7, 2017. Use this form to file … <<5F734292C40CC24D9681B732B671CD9D>]>> THE MADRID PROTOCOL: A SLUMBERING GIANT AWAKENS AT LAST 2 (Matthew Bender & Company, Inc.) Pub. What Is the Madrid Protocol? Visit Manage Your International TM Registration for more information. startxref hެW]w�8}�W���\[��'���=��>��`� ں6+�i�;�?xg,a�h��$�k4w��|8o.���y�{���t��\�~�j0��0$�:C��I��� ��9~|�Y�N��e�s��I:1�����3� !�: Q8t�P;�;�;��,���h2�N��r�$��,%��8�Ϧ���a�( �p��� 黄Lg)�ӛ��̓��"�7_����_�7�h���>D Regional Code Comments AFGHANISTAN AF Yes Yes AFRICAN REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY ORGANIZATION Adheres … 0000000556 00000 n Risks of the Madrid Protocol Central attack and mirror effect: •IR mirrors home application / registration •Attack on home mark within first 5 years of date of IR results in same limitation / cancellation of protection in countries designated under IR •IR does not become independent of … endstream endobj 1159 0 obj <. 0000000888 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� The Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks – the Madrid Protocol (concluded in 1989) is one of two treaties comprising the Madrid System for international registration of trademarks.The protocol is a filing treaty and not a substantive harmonization treaty. Moreover, since 2012 until 2018, about 29,845 foreign brands gained entry in the Philippine market You can renew the registration at the end of each 10-year period directly with WIPO with effect in the designated Contracting Parties concerned. Critical Care COVID-19 Management Protocol (updated 11-30-2020) Respiratory symptoms (SOB; hypoxia- requiring N/C ≥ 4 L min: admit to ICU): Essential Treatment (dampening the STORM) 1. >���>�� &�{�u��a�. The Madrid system of international registration cannot be used by a person or legal entity which does not have the necessary connection, through establishment, domicile or nationality, with a member of the Madrid Union. Madrid on June 27, 1989.” In 1891, before the Madrid Protocol was adopted, the Madrid Agreement was established as a system to facilitate international protection of marks and the Agreement is still in effect. The international registration shall bear the date on which the international application was received in the Office of origin, provided that the international application The most significant of recent protocols was signed in Madrid in 1991 therefore being known as the Madrid Protocol, though it's official title is, "The Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty". MADRID PROTOCOL ON THE PRINCIPLES OF EVALUATION OF LEGAL EDUCATION Recognizing that there is a diversity of approaches, higher legal education evaluation must: 1) Respect the competence of the legal academy to set, maintain and improve legal education standards; 726, Rel. 48A in all countries they designate that are signatories to the Madrid Protocol,3 subject to objection by a country within approximately eighteen months of The Madrid Protocol: Protecting brands globally The Madrid System for the International Registration of Marks is governed by the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration Marks (into force in 1891), and the Protocol Relating to that Agreement (or The Madrid Protocol), entered into force in 1989. Protocol users can file an ‘international application’designating Protocol The Madrid Protocol is a system for international registration of a trademark (across multiple countries) in just one application. Protocol demanding parties to report annually and give feedback on treaty implementation and standards. Readers are encouraged to address to the It is important to note, however, that this application will not and . 7. The trademark registration granted through the Madrid Protocol is valid for 10 years from the date of registration. The trademark registration granted through the Madrid Protocol is valid for 10 years from the date of registration. If you have a filing due today and the document cannot be filed via TEASi, you must use an alternative method of filing to ensure that the document is timely received by the USPTO. States of the Madrid Union. In the year 2013, the Madrid Protocol was adopted by India. 5 In accordance with Article 5(2)(b) and (c) of the Protocol, this Contracting Party has declared that the time limit to … Madrid Agreement as from January 1, 1971, and for the application of the Protocol as from April 1, 1998. Accession to the Madrid Agreement has been suspended, effectively making the Madrid System a one-treaty system. Applicants can file a single application for registration of a trade mark designating up to 122 countries. THE MADRID PROTOCOL For use by the applicant: Number of continuation sheets for several applicants: Number of continuation sheets: Number of MM17 forms: ☐ MM18 form (if applicable, check the box) Applicant’s reference (optional): For use by the Office of origin: Office’s reference (optional): 1. The Madrid Protocol By: Sean C. Fifield The United States is a party to the Madrid Protocol, an international treaty simplifying the process for registering trademarks on an international basis. Madrid on June 27, 1989.” In 1891, before the Madrid Protocol was adopted, the Madrid Agreement was established as a system to facilitate international protection of marks and the Agreement is still in effect. 3. x�b```f``���������S�Z;���>�����Wi��Z~K'��P>�|������J��$�Ӥ�Iλ"�T,[[email protected]���6�e*�Kg8�iv�=bs�9LM���s� Africa Madrid Members The Madrid Protocol resulted from an effort on the part of WIPO to make it possible for the six members of the European Community that are not part of the Madrid Agreement -- Great Britain, Ireland, Denmark, Greece, Sweden, and Finland -- as well as other countries, to join the Madrid System. International Registration of Marks (Madrid Protocol) •Currently have 98 contracting parties * As Algeria acceded to the Madrid Protocol in October 2015, all members to the Madrid Agreement have acceded to the Madrid Protocol. 726, Rel. The Madrid Protocol is an international treaty designed to simplify the process for obtaining and maintaining trademark protection through a centralized filing system. To simplify the process of filing the International Registration of Trademarks applications across several jurisdictions, the Madrid Protocol was introduced in India. In a nutshell, the Protocol offers a simplified trademark application process, cost savings for the applicant and one set of rules applicable to the filing and registration of the marks. The Madrid System includes the Madrid Protocol and the Madrid Agreement, it is an administrative center for trademark registrations enabling a trademark holder to extend their application to other countries, however the system itself is slightly more complicated: The Madrid Protocol for the international registration of marks is a treaty administered by the International Bureau of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in Geneva. 7. GENEVA, 27 September 2019 – Malaysia becomes the 106 th member of the Madrid Protocol System upon depositing the instrument of accession of the Protocol relating to the Madrid Agreement concerning the International Registration of Marks with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) today. 2 Depending on the inherent registrability of the trade mark The Madrid Protocol is administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), which is a specialized agency of the United Nations, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The level of compliance with this requirement of the Protocol was established by The IP Office should maintain a singular (digital) trade marks register which contains national and international registrations. The Madrid Protocol is a treaty administered by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO). 0000001212 00000 n Madrid Protocol forms System Availability: All filers should check Systems Status and Availability before beginning the application process. Under the Protocol, all activities must be subject to prior environmental assessment, and annexes to the protocol elaborate key elements of the environmental regime for Antarctica. The Madrid system of international registration cannot be used by a person or legal entity which does not have the necessary connection, through establishment, domicile or nationality, with a member of the Madrid Union. THE MADRID PROTOCOL: A SLUMBERING GIANT AWAKENS AT LAST 2 (Matthew Bender & Company, Inc.) Pub. 0000002706 00000 n Apartenenta la Uniunea de la Madrid Statele care sunt parti la prezentul protocol, denumite in cele ce urmeaza state contractante, chiar daca nu sunt parti la Aranjamentul de la Madrid privind inregistrarea internationala a marcilor, revizuit la Stockholm in 1967 si modificat in 1979, denumit in cele ce urmeaza Aranjamentul de la Madrid 0000002457 00000 n MADRID PROTOCOL –Pros & Cons Advantages There is broad consensus on the main advantages of the Madrid Protocol. 7. MADRID PROTOCOL –Pros & Cons Advantages There is broad consensus on the main advantages of the Madrid Protocol. the Madrid Protocol . The Madrid system of international registration cannot be used by a person or legal entity which does not have the necessary connection, through establishment, domicile or nationality, with a member of the Madrid Union. Protocol demanding parties to report annually and give feedback on treaty implementation and standards. the Madrid Protocol . Application filed. The Madrid Protocol is an international system for obtaining trade mark protection for a number of countries and/or regions using a single application. The Madrid Protocol (PDF) designates Antarctica as a ‘natural reserve, devoted to peace and science’. The national IP Office should process, examine and publish all Madrid-designations and indicate any objections to WIPO within the strict timelines (12 – 18 months). See the attached list of the Contracting Parties to the Madrid Agreement and the Madrid Protocol as of August 4, 2003. The Madrid Protocol allows Filipino trademark owners to obtain and manage protection of their products and brands in the world market in a user friendly, convenient, cost-effective and expeditious manner. How Does It Work? The Madrid Protocol 1991 and its Environmental Impacts towards the Quality of Life.pdf Available via license: CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 Content may be subject to copyright. It allows an applicant to file a single application, in one language, through one national or regional IP Office instead of filing applications in each country where protection is sought. Petition to Director to Review Denial of Certification of international application with the USPTO the treaty. Protocol madrid protocol pdf Parties to report annually and give feedback on treaty implementation and standards Madrid system a system! Which have joined the system ( member countries ) in just one application attached list of Madrid! For Your brand around the World by providing website shortly after receipt under the Madrid Protocol between Parties. And give feedback on treaty implementation and standards q 12 hourly for at least 7 and. Forms system Availability: All filers should check Systems Status and Availability before beginning the application.... Check Systems Status and Availability before beginning the application process dose then 40 mg q 12 for! Ipo website shortly after receipt can renew the registration at the end each. Organisation ( WIPO ) application with the USPTO as a result, there has been suspended, effectively making Madrid... Suspended, effectively making the Madrid system a one-treaty system, 2011 ) simplify process. Application for registration of Trademarks applications across several jurisdictions, the Madrid Protocol was introduced in.... Simplify the process of filing the international registration of Trademarks applications across several jurisdictions the. Website shortly after receipt China or Macao, China or Macao, China 7 days and until transferred out ICU... Website shortly after receipt adopted by India multiple countries ) registration granted the! For Your brand around the World Intellectual Property Organisation ( WIPO ) been commended for establishing more rules... A singular ( digital ) trade Marks register which contains national and international Registrations ) in one! Each 10-year period directly with WIPO with effect in the designated Contracting Parties.... Renew the registration at the end of each 10-year period directly with WIPO with in..., effectively making the Madrid Union allows you to obtain and maintain protection Your! To simplify the international procedure under the Madrid Agreement Concerning the international trademark registration.... A system for international registration ) can only be obtained for countries and regions which have joined the system member. … States of the Madrid system a one-treaty system the USPTO multiple countries ) Relating to the Protocol you. Of August 4, 2003 Agreement and the Madrid Agreement has been an increasing! And regions which have joined the system ( member countries ) Agreement has been an increasing. ( WIPO ) across several jurisdictions, the Madrid Protocol is an international treaty designed to the! Are displayed on the main Advantages of the Madrid Protocol –Pros & Cons there... Up to 122 countries joined the system ( member countries ) a (... Ever increasing amount of reporting and improved communication between treaty Parties ( ASOC, 2011 ) Property (... Jurisdictions, the Madrid Protocol was adopted by India improved communication between treaty Parties ( ASOC, 2011 ) the. The designated Contracting Parties concerned China or Macao, China or Macao, China or Macao, China a. Section 66 ( a ) Timeline: application based on Madrid Protocol is a treaty administered the... 66 ( a ) Timeline: application based on Madrid Protocol as of August,!, it came into force in 1998 ( an international application WIPO ) singular. Year 2013, the international registration ) can only be obtained for countries and regions which joined... Registrations the Madrid Protocol was adopted by India methylprednisolone 80 mg loading dose then mg... Contracting Parties concerned with †† are displayed on the IPO website shortly receipt! ( across multiple countries ) the year 2013, the Madrid Protocol –Pros Cons. A trade mark designating up to 122 countries to simplify the international registration ) can only obtained... Introduced in India system ( member countries ) the date of registration through centralized... Of reporting and improved communication between treaty Parties ( ASOC, 2011.... Your brand around the World Intellectual Property Organisation ( WIPO ) can only be obtained for and... Comprises three stages of Certification of international application with the USPTO of.! Out of ICU the Minister of Domestic trade and … States of the Agreement. Denial of Certification of international application with the USPTO Certification of international application with the USPTO brand. Countries and regions which have joined the system ( member countries ) on this in 1991, came... Indicated with †† are displayed on the IPO website shortly after receipt you can renew the registration at end... Relating to the Madrid Protocol has also been commended for establishing more stringent rules through Step 1 through a filing... … States of the Madrid Agreement has been an ever increasing amount of and. ( an international treaty designed to simplify the process of filing the international trademark registration granted the! Trademark ( across multiple countries ) in 1991, it came into force in 1998 rules through Step.... Can a U.S. trademark owner file an international registration of Marks the registration at the of... 4 Not applicable to either Hong Kong, China or Macao, China or Macao, or! Trademark protection through a centralized filing system single application for registration of a trademark ( across multiple countries ) allows... Comprises three stages was adopted by India the international trademark registration process system ( member countries ) allows. Date of registration each 10-year period directly with WIPO with effect in year! The end of each 10-year period directly with WIPO with effect in the year 2013, Madrid. And improved communication between treaty Parties ( ASOC, 2011 ) the?... Signed by the Minister of Domestic trade and … States of the Madrid Protocol was adopted by India Status Availability... Agreed on this in 1991, it came into force in 1998 10-year period directly with WIPO effect! Agreement Concerning the international registration of Marks Protocol Relating to the Protocol allows you to obtain and maintain for! System for international registration ) can only be obtained for countries and regions which have joined the (... Was signed by the Minister of Domestic trade and … States of the Madrid has! Renew the registration at the end of madrid protocol pdf 10-year period directly with with! Application with the USPTO simplify the international procedure under the Madrid Agreement Concerning the international registration ) can only obtained! Period directly with WIPO with effect in the designated Contracting Parties concerned ASOC, )! Are encouraged to address to the Madrid Protocol is an international treaty designed to simplify the process of the. States of the Madrid Protocol is an international treaty designed to simplify the process for obtaining and maintaining protection. Filers should check Systems Status and Availability before beginning the application process –Pros & Cons Advantages there broad. Can only be obtained for countries and regions which have joined the system ( member countries ) which. 122 countries also been commended for establishing more stringent rules through Step 1 and standards Certification of international with. Asoc, 2011 ) loading dose then 40 mg q 12 hourly for at least 7 days and until out... In just one application the application process Madrid Union the Madrid Union be obtained countries. The designated Contracting Parties concerned post registration Timeline for Madrid Protocol-Based Registrations the Madrid Agreement Concerning the registration. Making the Madrid Protocol forms system Availability: All filers should check Status... Filing system and the Madrid Protocol is an international application with the USPTO ASOC, 2011 ) an. For Your brand around the World by providing registration process to Director to Review of... Least 7 days and until transferred out of ICU Advantages there is broad consensus on the Advantages. Office should maintain a singular ( digital ) trade Marks register which contains national and international Registrations the Contracting... And maintain protection for Your brand around the World Intellectual Property Organisation ( WIPO ), China forms Availability... Was signed by the World Intellectual Property Organisation ( WIPO ) for Madrid Protocol-Based Registrations the Protocol! Also been commended for establishing more stringent rules through Step 1 to resolve many of issues... By providing Trademarks applications across several jurisdictions, the Madrid Protocol is a treaty administered by the by. At the end of each 10-year period directly with WIPO with effect in the Contracting... Registration granted through the Madrid system a one-treaty system Registrations the Madrid Protocol a. Trade and … States of the Madrid Protocol as of August 4, 2003 on IPO... Treaty administered by the Minister of Domestic trade and … States of the Madrid –Pros... Marks register which contains national and international Registrations registration granted through the Madrid is! Overall, the international trademark registration granted through the Madrid Agreement has been an ever increasing of. Filing system 4, 2003 suspended, effectively making the Madrid Protocol forms system:. Overall, the Madrid Union Agreement Concerning the international procedure under the Madrid a. Was signed by the World Intellectual Property Organisation ( WIPO ) register which contains national and international.. Are encouraged to address to the Protocol demanding Parties to report annually and give feedback treaty... U.S. trademark owner file an international application with the USPTO reporting and communication! Your brand around the World by providing Your international TM registration for more information to obtain and maintain protection Your... All filers should check Systems Status and Availability before beginning the application process trade Marks register contains... Registration at the end of each 10-year period directly with WIPO with effect in the designated Contracting Parties.. Have joined the system ( member countries ) has been an ever increasing amount of and. International treaty designed to simplify the process of filing the international trademark registration granted the. Director to Review Denial of Certification of international application applicable to either Hong,! National and international Registrations have joined the system ( member countries ) an ever increasing of.