Some of the common ones include cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, and spina bifida. For example, in a study of language used in group homes for people with severe intellectual disabilities, house managers noted that "we just call them people…that just seems way more respectful" (Bigby, Knox, Beadle-Brown, & Clement, 2015). Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder is an anxiety disorder usually caused by an extremely emotional traumatic event, according to the National Center for PTSD. NCDJ Recommendation: Refer to someone as having autistic spectrum disorder only if the information is relevant to the story and if a licensed medical professional has formally diagnosed the person. It is the most common neural tube defect in the U.S. Method. Background: “Dumb” was once widely used to describe a person who could not speak and implied the person was incapable of expressing himself or herself; it eventually came to be synonymous with “silent.”. C. students with severe disabilities should only be included in regular classrooms if there is a peer buddy program in place D. students with severe disabilities should attend inclusive schools and classrooms, but they should also spend some time in separate settings Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. AP style: The stylebook uses “deaf “to describe a person with total hearing loss. NCJD Recommendation: Use “person who has a cleft palate.”, Background: A cochlear implant is an electronic device that can improve understanding of speech for some people who are deaf or hard of hearing. It is acceptable to refer to someone as deaf or hard of hearing. NCDJ Recommendation: Refer to someone as having OCD only if the information is relevant to the story and the person has been formally diagnosed by a medical professional. It is preferable to say. Why do you communicate? Avoid using “psychotic” as an adjective to describe a person; instead refer to a person as “having a psychotic condition” or “experiencing a psychosis.” Avoid using the terms colloquially. The term “flashback” may be used to denote reliving an event that triggered the PTSD. 1) Which languages do you speak and where did you learn them? NCDJ Recommendation: It is acceptable to describe a person as “someone with spina bifida” or “someone living with spina bifida,” followed by a short explanation of what their condition entails, if it is pertinent to the story. Instead, be as specific as possible. “Post-traumatic stress disorder” is correct on first reference; use PTSD on second reference. Use people-first language, stating that someone “has epilepsy” or “has been diagnosed with epilepsy” rather than referring to him or her as an “epileptic.” The term “seizure” is preferred when referring to the brief manifestation of symptoms common among those with epilepsy. Whenever possible, specify the specific illness a person has rather than mental illness in general. NCDJ Recommendation: “Non-disabled” or “does not have a disability” are acceptable terms when referring to people who do not identify as having a disability. Some consider it condescending, offensive or simply a way of avoiding talking about disability. NCDJ Recommendation: Refer to someone as having schizophrenia only if the information is relevant to the story and if the person has been formally diagnosed by a licensed medical professional. This digest explains how functional language instruction can be made useful for persons with moderate to severe disabilities who are also culturally and linguistically different. Intervention begins with opportunity to learn and is informed by ongoing assessment of oral and written language. While many children outgrow stuttering, a small percentage of adults stutter as well. Common congenital disabilities include Down syndrome and heart-related medical conditions. NCDJ Recommendation: For those with total hearing loss, “deaf” is acceptable. Epilepsy is most commonly treated with medication but also can include use of medical devices, surgery, diet and emerging therapy methods. A birth defect is a physical or biochemical abnormality that is present at birth. In this lesson, learn several ways to teach communication skills to your students with severe disabilities. Use of “sustain” or “receive” removes the implied judgment. Many experts classify autism as a developmental disability. Many people in the Deaf community and organizations, including the National Association of the Deaf, support the use of these terms. Otherwise, “hard of hearing” is almost always acceptable. When possible, use people-first language unless otherwise indicated by the source. Do not use the terms “addiction” and “dependence” interchangeably. Originally called “falling sickness” in English, the word has roots in Greek and Latin. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), an individual with a brain injury, orthopedic impairment, or other health impairment who needs special education or related services is considered to have a physical disability. Legal definitions vary from state to state. Historically it was called “mongoloidism,” and people with it were called Mongoloids; this is now considered very offensive. The stylebook cautions against using mental health terms to describe non-health issues. 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