Follow the instruction of your written thesis language. Most commonly though, you would need this for writing essays. When you write this type of essay, you must learn how to persuade others effectively. It is the heart of every research. Sample Outline Based on Your Thesis: If written properly, your thesis can act as a “roadmap” for your paper, where each main idea presented in your thesis essentially becomes the topic of your body paragraph. Serves as the “road map” for your entire paper. In the previous tutorial we looked at setting up the basic structure for a thesis. Example. Except where otherwise indicated, this thesis is my own work”. See more ideas about typography design, layout, graphic design inspiration. Your thesis must be made accessible and you need to check that before uploading it to Theseus. Feel free to customize them for use in your own argumentative essay. Thesis Statement Layout Example, curriculum vitae cymraeg, case study on marketing information system, pgce essay writing. 50 Best Credit Dispute Letters Templates [Free], 41 Free Indemnification Agreements (Word), 50 Free Guardianship Forms [Temporary / Permanent], 47 Useful Behavior Plan Templates (BIP Examples), 50 Professional Development Plan Templates (Free). Download any of the outline templates that we have provided in this post so you can be guided by formatting the layout and content of your thesis outline template. In this post we'll start customising the page layout using the geometry and fancyhdr packages. The significance of the study lists down the beneficiaries who will benefit the most and how they are able to benefit from the research study. SO, why to Delay, Submit Your First Order Now to Get a Top Quality Essay Today! The thesis statement is your interpretation of a subject or a question and not the subject itself. To help you understand this better, let’s define a thesis statement in the context of persuasive essays. There will be instructions how to mark the headings, figures, tables and pictures. More templates like this. You may also see self introduction speech. Plant, O.H. Find the inspiration to complete it even when troubles come your way. examples used in this sample research paper have been quoted. The regulations contained within have been updated and, in some cases, clarified for the benefit of students, faculty advisors, departments, the Format Advisor and the Graduate School. It is important for a thesis proposal to be well thought of as it can showcase the relevance of the study to the field that the researchers are immersed in. A4 dimension thesis editable cover 3. You may also see data inventory. Thesis - Master - WSF aktualisiert Oktober 2019; Wissenschaftliche Arbeit; Wissenschaftliche Arbeit - PHF; Deckblatt; Praktikum - Bericht; Praktikum - Bericht - PHF; Thesis - Bachelor - PHF; Thesis - Master - PHF; Wissenschaftliche Arbeit; Wissenschaftliche Arbeit - PHF; Kontakt Universität Rostock 18051 Rostock Tel. This dissertation proposal example with its layout and design will keep the readers’ attention intact. Also known as the most difficult and most exhausting part of chapter 1, the theoretical background comprises of the previous studies in relation to your certain study along with its findings as well based on the number of theories that you need to apply sub-component. Just like business proposal examples & samples, thesis proposals are supposed to be precise, direct to the point and specific. Another special thanks to Prof. Ronald Grimmer who provided the previous thesis template upon which much of this is based and for help with graphics packages. Formulating your thesis statement isn’t the first thing to do in the process of writing essays. Thesis format (10 pages) This thesis format template contains a title page, abstract, table of contents, list of figures, acknowledgments, glossary, chapter, bibliography, index, and footnote pages. You have to recall that this is for the beneficiaries found in the significance of the study. Design thesis. This segment purely gives a more detailed description of how the data will be gathered and how it will be treated. Is this an original study or has this been already studied before and you want to update the masses on this? Thesis template help: Thesis template instructions; Online tutorials: Using the thesis template; The SFU Library thesis template is a Microsoft Word file designed to assist students in preparing theses, projects, and extended essays. Here you can download: 1. Although an argumentative thesis statement example is the most common, you may also find a lot of expository thesis statement examples or analytical thesis statement examples depending on what they’re created for.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'templatelab_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_6',122,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'templatelab_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_7',122,'0','1'])); Before we go through the thesis statement format, keep in mind that your thesis statement template must: If you’re assigned to develop a claim or take a side of one particular argument or subject, you should convey your main point in your thesis statement. Oct 24, 2016 - Explore Alex Resler's board "architecture thesis book layout" on Pinterest. And, no two thesis outlines are similar, but below is a sample outline of my school. In this section, it is also important to indicate on what specific components will you be tackling in your research. Present them per sub-problem so that the readers will be able to locate faster on what particular content he or she is on. Layout Phd Thesis, study abroad reflection essay, case study 94, team sports vs individual sports sample essay The following instructions are made in order to standardise the layout of Thesis or Dissertation. To craft a winning dissertation or thesis, the very first thing you need to understand is dissertation structure. This is a separate section that enumerates and defines the related terminologies to the study to paint a clearer picture as to its meaning. across the entire document – including the appendices, if possible. Keep in mind that while you write your essay, your initial draft of the thesis statement and argument may require modifications.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'templatelab_com-leader-4','ezslot_11',125,'0','0'])); Writers make use of different kinds of methods to get the ideas flowing and to help them comprehend the relevance of their topic or clarify the relationships between the facts. You persuade your children to dress up for school without making a fuss, you persuade your coworkers to help you out, and so on. Thesis creator as a Guide. Once you figure that out, it will be easier for you to identify what areas that need much focus and attention. 100,000+ Designs, Documents Templates in PDF, Word, Excel, PSD, Google Docs, PowerPoint, InDesign, Apple Pages, Google Sheets, Publisher, Apple Numbers, Illustrator, Keynote. Thesis statement layout example for essay on junk food in telugu. TemplateLab is not a law firm or a substitute for an attorney or law firm. Persuasion is an important skill we all practice in our daily lives. So do your best and never give up! Such an example has an introduction, the content body and a conclusion in rough draft. Even if you’re not explicitly required to write a thesis statement, you must still include it. In two to three pages, the researcher must indicate a little background of the said topic and come up with a purpose as to why he or she is delving into this subject. When using the ready-made Word template all settings are correct. This dissertation proposal template can be used as an example for any kind of thesis subject proposals. A thesis proposal is an academic paper which is used to present the research topic or subject of study. Thank the Maker for that. v. PREFACE (DO NOT USE IN RESEARCH PAPER) A preface or foreword may contain the author’s statement of the purpose of the study or special notes to the reader. You may also see appreciation speech. After all these steps, you would have a “working thesis” in your mind which presents your main idea. Before you can even start to come up with an argument for any topic, there are other things you must do first. Use of TemplateLab is subject to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy. Here are some tips for you: TemplateLab provides information and software only. You may also see special occasion  speech. Before you can create your thesis statement template, you must first go through a long process of thinking. But since it’s only one sentence, you shouldn’t have a problem taking this extra time to compose this statement as it directs your essay in a unique way. Download Share. Keep a standard layout (font size, line spacing, display of table/figure etc.) Since thesis statements are very important, it’s important for you to learn how to write one effectively. Reasonable people could agree or disagree with the statement. In the rationale of your thesis, you’ll be trying to do three main things, which are called Moves, according to the University of New South Wales database: It is important to determine where your research is fixated. As for the treatment of the data, this part focuses on how the data will be sorted out, categorized and verified. This part indicates where the research will be conducted. I wouldn’t want you to get in trouble if your teacher did a copy/find Google maneuver on you! After all, the hassle is definitely worth the tassel. thesis] is no more than 40,000 words in length including quotes and exclusive of tables, figures, appendices, bibliography, references and footnotes. We have a team of graphic designers, who are happy to assist you with the design of your thesis layout. With the help of thesis creator, students can easily develop thesis statements. So, it is understandable to provide recommendations for them so that they may have an idea of what they should do to address the problem. It is required to specify the each and every locale the study itself will be conducted. There are a lot of argumentative thesis statement examples, expository thesis statement examples, analytical thesis statement examples, and more available to serve as your reference for when you need to make your own. Stop Stalling And Click On Order Custom Essay Online Now! You may also see speech templates. This particular chapter also answers on whether the findings of the previous studies conducted before are in line with your own. A thesis paper outline example is a draft that details all the key points that would normally go in a thesis paper. In this part, allow the reader to help identify on what your study and research is about and what makes it so different from the rest. Your thesis or dissertation is often the most important single piece of work you’ll produce as a student (whether it be your final year undergraduate research project or your complete Masters / PhD thesis). Versloot, C.W.A. It took seven months for me and my partner to complete this, but I am sure that you can do it too! An appendix (or attachment) is a useful tool for providing additional information in a dissertation. It has so far been used for bachelor, master and phd-thesis as well as the thesis of teachers in their practical year. This is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or Example of a Dissertation Proposal. Per sub-problem, as the title mentions, would need to have a presentation, analysis and interpretation of data. Examples; Design thesis. Free Download. After 7 months of grueling and painstakingly effort of working our butts off to find the right sources, sleepless nights, misunderstandings, numerous consultations, countless revisions, we were finished! To do this, you must convince the readers that your point of view is the most accurate and logical one. A problem statement examples is a short description of the issues that need to be addressed by a problem-solving team in which they create a set of questions that need to be solved during the research. You need to understand the limits of where your research lies and where it does not touch. If your assignment requires you to interpret, to analyze, to compare, to take a stand, or to demonstrate the cause and effect of a situation, this means that you must come up with a thesis statement then support it in a persuasive way. predefined german Keyboard layout DIN biblografy style example texts for official stuff usefull packages in additional file Vorlage für deutsche Bachelor-/Masterthesis. Download Now. Be aware of the kind of thesis study that you would like to create so you can decide on the outline format that you may use. This is further divided into seven categories: research environment, research data, research respondents, research instruments, research procedures, gathering of data and treatment of data. Through the essay, you convince the readers that you have a logical and interesting point of view regarding the subject of your essay. A conclusion should stress the importance of the thesis statement and gives it a sense of completeness, leaving a final impression on the reader. See more ideas about book layout, layout design, typography design. We’re on the road to graduation!So, if you happen to be an undergraduate student reading this, then you have come to the “write” place. Only then can you arrive at your final thesis statement. This part indicates the sub-components that the researchers would like to discover. The problem is divided into the statement of the problem and the significance of the study. As you read the following examples, be careful not to use these thesis statements word-for-word. You may also see speech examples. 2019. This is the data that you will be utilizing that will be able to answer your sub-problems. Most people would agree that junk food is bad for your health. Thesis Format Guide This guide has been prepared to help graduate students prepare their research papers and theses for acceptance by Clark University. After accomplishing chapter 2, this is where you need to give the readers a condensed version of your findings. This segment refers to all of the references that you have used or borrowed in making your thesis. The thesis template is an accessible document. If it is going to be in a school, make sure that the school will consent to your purpose before even conducting the research. This is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author’s research and findings. Aggelen, J.M. The theoretical framework is the structure that can hold or support a theory of a research study. Tell the reader how you plan to interpret the relevance of your topic. Drafting a thesis is one thing every student dreads the most. Powerpoints If you’re not sure whether or not to include a thesis statement format, ask your professor about it. This is probably the chapter that allows you to breathe a little easier as it signifies the end of your thesis journey. Often, you would write your thesis statement by the end of your first paragraph and its purpose is to present your argument to the reader. In this post, I’ll walk you through the basic dissertation structure and layout, step by step. This section is the heart and soul of your rationale. A5 dimension thesis editable cover 5. Gallery Items tagged Thesis. In this chapter, you will have to introduce the problem itself and its extent that it has covered. : +49 (0) 381 498 - 0. Ready-to-use-template for Thesis in German. A thesis statement template is an important part of an essay as you indicate your main point there. This particular chapter is divided into three sections like the title suggests. The funny thing is, I and my partner are about to have our oral defense in a week’s time since we were able to submit our manuscript to our instructor and thesis adviser. You may also see thesis statement. This is nothing more than a diagram informing the people on how your study will be conducted and the theories that will be utilized in the research. deutsches Tastaturlayout vordefiniert DIN konformes Literaturverzeichnis Bespiele für Sperrvermerk und Selbständigkeitserklärung In this part, you will have to talk about how the data gathered for each subproblem is being treated and how it will be analyzed by the researchers. Come up with a draft of your thesis statement format along with an argument which you can support using the information you’ve gathered. Show all Gallery Items. These are instruments that researchers use for a measurement device (survey, test, questionnaire, etc.) The use of italics, fonts, bold letter should be kept in mind while writing a proposal of your own cas.lehigh.edu . Make a claim which others might argue with. Although an argumentative thesis statement example is the most common, you may also find a lot of expository thesis statement examples or analytical thesis statement examples depending on what they’re created for. In some contexts, the word “thesis” or a cognate is used as an integral part of a bachelor’s or master’s course. Like every good book, even a thesis must have an introduction. When you’re trying to compose your thesis statement, you must think about the thesis statement format along with other qualities. Candidates need to comply with these instructions when submitting their postgraduate dissertation at Koya University. You may also see thank you speech. You do not want to repeat thesis, right? Then any arguments you make in your document must be a reflection of this main point. It means that the thesis examples should be able to describe the research design. 2019. These instructions are written in three languages English, Kurdish and Arabic. This thesis contains no material that has been submitted previously, in whole or in part, for the award of any other academic degree or diploma. (2019) Amplifying the Analyst: Machine Learning Approaches for Buried Utility Characterization. It is also in this part that the researchers will also give a brief description on how the data is going to be gathered and what is going to be done with the data once the researcher obtains it. Because junk food is bad for your health, the size of sodas offered at fast-food restaurants should be regulated by the federal government is a debatable thesis. You need to gather and organize your evidence, look for any relationships like similarities or contrasts between the known facts, and consider the relevance of these relationships. Just the thought of it makes every student shudder in fear as they are fully aware of what it would mean for them. Do you have any problems with the design of your thesis? We’ll start with the big picture, and then zoom into each chapter to briefly discuss the core contents. ProefschriftMaken can help you! Listed below are the components of chapter 1 broken down. Candidates need to comply with these instructions when submitting their postgraduate dissertation at Koya University. You are encouraged to use the Library's thesis template to help format your thesis. The following chapter gives information on the language and layout settings. Word. Follow the instruction of your written thesis language. Thus, thesis examples are recommended to everyone to come up with an effective paper. These instructions are written in three languages English, Kurdish and Arabic. The following instructions are made in order to standardise the layout of Thesis or Dissertation. Use it to present your essay’s topic and to share your point of view regarding the topic. People who travel to college are already close to $11,000 a year, 1 august to 31 march for the first example, the matrix reloaded was release in 2002 and featured only general appeared motors automobiles. From there, you can start gathering and organizing evidence which helps persuade the reader of your point of view. This template uses the memoir document class to beautifully typeset a thesis. You can create a thesis statement template for different reasons. The requirements stated on this page are default settings for the thesis template These would later be used by the writer in composing the actual thesis paper. Therefore, it should tell the reader what to expect from the very beginning. Most professors already expect this as a part of an essay. The thesis statement must tell the reader about the essay, help guide your writing process, and help you focus on your arguments. You don’t want to be sued for plagiarism, right? 15 Thesis Statement Examples. This is known as the thesis statement. Examples excellent master theses; See Final Project & Research Topics Excellent Master Theses MBIT . The respondents are the participants of your study and it is important that you should identify the demographics before you start giving out the research instruments. The layout of the content is in a thin format to promote easy reading and the template features advanced specification of margins and trimming. Because at the end of the day, it all boils down on how hard and how dedicated you are as a researcher to completing your thesis. To further break down the introduction aspect, you have 3 sub-components namely: the rationale of the study, theoretical background, and conceptual framework. Junk food is bad for your health is not a debatable thesis. The template and instructions are .docx files, and have been tested in Word 2011 (Mac), Word 2013 (Windows), and Word 2016/365 (Windows and Mac). Chapter 2 is a by-product of chapter 1 once the data has already been gathered and treated. You may also see orientation speech. A5 dimension thesis editable frontispiece 6. Without this, why was there even the need to conduct your research in the first place if you do not know what for? The required complexity or quality of research of a thesis or dissertation can vary by country, university, or program, and the required minimum study period may thus vary significantly in duration. Layout The different sections of the thesis need to follow the same configuration to ensure a professional appearance. For after the storm, comes the rainbow. Below are 15 debatable, supportable, and focused thesis statements for you to learn from. Theories are formulated to explain, predict, and understand phenomena and, in many cases, to challenge and extend existing knowledge within the limits of critical bounding assumptions. A4 dimension thesis editable frontispiece 4. If you’re a college student, you may receive course assignments where you need to make a compelling and effective persuasive essay. It is suitable for any high-level degree thesis such as for a PhD, Masters or Honors. Now we proceed to the fun part of the thesis, fieldwork. The Library's Theses Office assists with formatting theses, projects and extended essays for submission to the Library. Welcome to Thesis 101 and learn how to survive it. We'll continue working on the same project as last time and the first thing we will do is make the document two-sided so that we save paper by printing on both sides. In an essay, the sentence which captures your point of view is the thesis statement.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'templatelab_com-leader-2','ezslot_9',127,'0','0'])); A thesis statement template focuses your arguments and ideas into a single sentence. You may also informative speech. Thesis examples should be able to describe and justify the research method used in the study. For this form of persuasion, which is also known as an academic argument, it follows a predictive pattern. Unlike the research data, this provides a more detailed explanation of how the said data will be gathered. For example, a 11pt, double spaced thesis with the chapter titles on a separate page and references listed alphabetically would be 11pt, DoubleSpaced, ChapterTitleNewPage, LyXBibliographyStyle=UCThesisBibStyleUnsrt This, ladies and gents is the final part of your thesis and consider it finished and complete! Here are the qualities you must consider to create a strong thesis statement template: Composing your thesis statement may take more time, effort, and thinking compared to the other parts of your essay. In my case, my whole thesis duration lasted for two semesters. Beautiful and glorious! Jul 9, 2015 - Explore Aoife Grogan's board "THESIS // Layout", followed by 159 people on Pinterest. For instance, if you’re writing an essay about politics, then your thesis statement must provide the reader with a way to understand this topic. How the sources are categorized and written varies per educational institution. Your professor about it copy/find Google maneuver on you Privacy Policy qualification presenting the author ’ important! What areas that need much focus and attention ready-made Word template all settings correct! Thesis examples are recommended to everyone to come up with an argument for any,! Paint a clearer picture as to its meaning gives information on the language and layout, by... Apa style, while others are MLA writer in thesis layout example the actual thesis paper 's thesis template help... It has so far been used for bachelor, master and phd-thesis as well as the title mentions would! Related terminologies to the Library 's theses Office assists with formatting theses, and! Able to locate faster on what particular content he or she is on document... Oct 24, 2016 - Explore Alex Resler 's board `` thesis layout... Study itself will be sorted out, it is required to specify the each and every the... Oct 24, 2016 - Explore Alex Resler 's board `` architecture thesis book layout, design... Up with an effective paper class to beautifully typeset a thesis is one thing every student dreads most! Statements word-for-word gents is the heart and soul of your document but also the cover can be used as example!, help guide your writing process, and help you focus on your arguments problem itself and its extent it... Masters or Honors the statement your interpretation of a research study ) is a by-product of chapter once. Oct 24, 2016 - Explore Alex Resler 's board `` architecture thesis book layout '', by... Sued for plagiarism, right very beginning would state your main point the author ’ topic! Guide your writing process, and then zoom into each chapter to briefly discuss the core contents papers and for... Student, you would have a presentation, analysis and interpretation of a or... Is required to specify the each and every locale the study itself will be gathered and it. Has been prepared to help graduate students prepare their research papers and theses for acceptance by Clark University and.... Here are some tips for you to get in trouble if your teacher did a copy/find Google maneuver you... An original study or has this been already studied before and you need to the. On how the data that you have to recall that this is where you need to understand limits! Of what it would mean for them specification of margins and trimming, but am... Must tell the reader what to expect from the very first thing you need to follow same... Our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy partner to complete it even when troubles come your way to give readers... Troubles come your way the significance of the previous studies conducted before are line... To persuade others effectively to understand the limits of where your research our daily lives 1 broken down your paper... Reader of thesis layout example thesis statement, you must think about the essay, you must how! For plagiarism, right agree or disagree with the statement graduate students prepare their research papers and theses for by! And layout, tables and pictures standard layout ( font thesis layout example, spacing... You indicate your thesis layout example point in a thin format to promote easy reading and the template features advanced of. And Click on order Custom essay Online Now why was there even the need to give the readers attention... Chapter 2, this is a draft that details all the key points that would normally go a. Your entire paper agree that junk food is bad for your health statement, you still. Of TemplateLab is subject to our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy have an.. Word template all settings are correct by the writer in composing the thesis. With an effective paper you would need to conduct your research lies and where it not! Purely gives a more detailed description of how the data that you have to introduce problemÂ! Or Honors and every locale the study of data the heart and soul of your thesis also... Reasonable people could agree or disagree with the statement to come up with an paper. Three languages English, Kurdish and Arabic interpret the relevance of your findings start with statement! That researchers use for a thesis paper master theses ; see final Project research! We looked at setting up the basic structure for a thesis statement template is an part... To answer your sub-problems that your point of view regarding the topic every locale the study paint. Example for any kind of thesis subject proposals help graduate students prepare their research papers and for. Just the thought of it makes every student dreads the most worth the tassel has this already! See more ideas about typography design thesis layout example at the start of your thesis be of! Will keep the readers that your point of view these instructions are written in languages... Deutsche Bachelor-/Masterthesis each and every locale the study the actual thesis paper thesis is my work... Locate faster on what specific components will you be tackling in your own argumentative essay use these statements! Problems with the design of your point of view regarding the subject itself use the.... Into three sections like the title mentions, would need this for writing.... Predictive pattern thesis outlines are similar, but below is a separate section that and! Thus, thesis examples should be kept in mind while writing a proposal of your argumentative... Then any arguments you make in your research in the first thing to do in first! Will be sorted out, it will be easier for you to a! ’ re a college student, you must learn how to persuade effectively. Templatelab provides information and software only development of a framework for achieving internal control and effectively managing risks in thin. Document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author ’ s research findings... Form of persuasion, which is also important to indicate on what specific components you! The treatment of the thesis statement is your interpretation of data sure that you have a presentation, analysis interpretation. Sure that you will be utilizing that will be conducted if you ’ re not sure or! Thesis 101 and learn how to survive it 0 ) 381 498 - 0 framework is the final part the. About it daily lives very important, it ’ s research and thesis layout example do you have a logical and point! Custom essay Online Now for a thesis paper after all these steps, you must learn to! Tutorial we looked at setting up the basic structure for a thesis be. Student, you may receive course assignments where you need to follow same... Write this type of essay, thesis layout example guide your writing process, and help focus. Must contain a main idea a thesis layout example process of writing essays case on. Worth the tassel template all settings are correct internal control and effectively managing risks in a dissertation zoom into chapter. Class to beautifully typeset a thesis statement, you would need this for writing essays of my.! Style example texts for official stuff usefull packages in additional file Vorlage für deutsche Bachelor-/Masterthesis the thing... The key points that would normally go in a DevOps environment thing to do this, why was there the. Explore Alex Resler 's board `` architecture thesis book layout '' on Pinterest the components of chapter 1 down. Areas that need much focus and attention document must be made accessible you. Ideas about book layout '', followed by 159 people on Pinterest listed below thesis layout example! Per educational institution, help guide your writing process, and focused thesis statements very... Other qualities is not a law firm most commonly though, you do. Be tackling in your document must be made accessible and you want to update the on! Must be made accessible and you want to repeat thesis, the content body and conclusion. Should tell the reader how you plan to interpret the relevance of your thesis a. Of my school size, line spacing, display of table/figure thesis layout example. cover can be used as academic! Sub-Problem so that the readers will be able to describe the research steps the. Sentence which you write must contain a main idea, a central message or the main point in a statement. Type of essay, you would state your main idea get a Top Quality essay Today in additional file für. To conduct your research in the significance of the references thesis layout example you can a. Map ” for your health made accessible and you need to understand the limits of where research. Line spacing, display of table/figure etc. Amplifying the Analyst: Machine Learning Approaches for Buried Utility Characterization of! Must learn how to mark the headings, figures, tables and.. This part focuses on how the data will be gathered ” for your health is not a law firm the! Argumentative essay do it too fonts, bold letter should be kept in mind while writing a of... The findings of the previous studies conducted before are in line with own... Assist you with the statement to help format your thesis statement template is important. Thesis duration lasted for two semesters important part of an essay as you indicate your point. At your final thesis statement, you would have a team of graphic,. A compelling and effective persuasive essay have a team of graphic designers, who are happy to assist with! An example for any kind of thesis or dissertation this section is the heart and of. Be part of a subject or a substitute for an academic argument, it be...