18. history, scholarship, and men's traditions are the only authority; 19. scriptural quotations are notsutficient to resolve the issue; 20. use extra-scriptural terminology and no clear positional proof-texts; For many centuries, it was the standard text of the Greek Bible. Although others have defended it per se, they are not acknowledged textual critics (such as Theodore Letis and David Hocking) or their works are not on a scholarly level (such as Terence H. Brown and D. A. While his intentions for publishing a fresh Latin translation are clear, it is less clear why he included the Greek text. Waite[22]).[23]. But the easy way out was to claim that a handful of corrupt manuscripts were superior to the Received Text (as claimed by Westcott & Hort who have been followed by all the modern critics), when in fact they were the exact opposite. Johann Jakob Wettstein's apparatus was fuller than that of any previous editor. A Wiki Style site promoting the Textus Receptus and the King James Version, The first tome or volume of the Paraphrase of Erasmus vpon the newe testamente, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Textus_Receptus&oldid=995049157, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "In 1624, Bona venture and Abraham Elzevir, two enterprising printers at Leiden, published a small and convenient edition of the Greek Testament, the text of which was taken mainly from Beza's smaller 1565 edition. selon les recommandations des projets correspondants. [8], With the third edition of Erasmus' Greek text (1522) the Comma Johanneum was included because "Erasmus chose to avoid any occasion for slander rather than persisting in philological accuracy" even though he remained "convinced that it did not belong to the original text of l John. The two words textum and receptum were modified from the accusative to the nominative case to render textus receptus. . The name Textus Receptus was first used, to refer to editions of the Greek New Testament published by the Elzevir Brothers in 1633. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) As a result the Textus Receptus has many small irregular readings that are only found in a very small minority of Greek copies. Dean Burgon, one of the main supporters of the Textus Receptus, declared that the Textus Receptus needs correction. Robert Estienne, known as Stephanus (1503–1559), a printer from Paris, edited the Greek New Testament four times, in 1546, 1549, 1550 and 1551, the last in Geneva. The Textus Receptus and Modern Bible Translations ... publication only in 1522, Erasmus triumphed in this competition. It was a printed text, not a hand-copied manuscript, created in the 15th century to fill the need for a textually accurate Greek New Testament. J. J. Griesbach (1745–1812) combined the principles of Bengel and Wettstein. He used Polyglotta Complutensis (symbolized by α) and 15 Greek manuscripts. The text originated with the first printed Greek New Testament, published in 1516, a work undertaken in Basel by the Dutch Catholic scholar, priest and monk Desiderius Erasmus. 22:28, 23:25, 27:52, 28:3, 4, 19, 20; Mark 7:18, 19, 26, 10:1, 12:22, 15:46; Luke 1:16, 61, 2:43, 9:1, 15, 11:49; John 1:28, 10:8, 13:20 Erasmus followed the readings of Minuscule 1 (Caesarean text-type). Textus Receptus Bibles is a Bible study website with historical information on the Textus Receptus and the Bible translations. I would have those words translated into all languages, so that not only... Jump to. The overwhelming success of Erasmus' Greek New Testament completely overshadowed the Latin text upon which he had focused. Erasmus had been studying Greek New Testament manuscripts for many years, in the Netherlands, France, England and Switzerland, noting their many variants, but had only six Greek manuscripts immediately accessible to him in Basel. The third edition of Estienne was used by Theodore Beza (1519–1605), who edited it nine times between 1565 and 1604. The Textus Receptus: There seem to be two schools of thought on how to determine the reliability of a Greek text. Rather, his motivation may have been simpler: he included the Greek text to prove the superiority of his Latin version. Until recently, my wife and I both thought that the "King James Only" crowd was a bunch of "wacko Christians" who needed to stop being so uptight.We both felt that the NASB, the NIV, and the New King James, and the 1611 Authorized King James were basically the … Press alt + / to open this menu. The Textus Receptus is not good enough for two main reasons. He used the oldest known Greek and Latin manuscripts. This is also the text that agrees with more than 95% of the Bible Manuscripts in Koine (common) Greek. La première version imprimée du Nouveau Testament en grec publiée en 1516 a été entreprise à Bâle par Érasme. It is extremely common for King James Only advocates to conflate the “Majority Text” (M-Text) with the “Textus Receptus” (TR), or the tradition of printed Greek texts behind the King James Version. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. and might cause the information to become sidetracked. See more of Textus Receptus on Facebook. In the 1870's, a challenge arose in the English world to the primacy of the King James Bible. 1) Older texts are more reliable because they are older. As a result the Textus Receptus has many small irregular readings that are only found in a very small minority of Greek copies. Hills' work The King James Version Defended is used to have… [7] In later editions, Erasmus adjusted his text of the last six verses of Revelation in several places once he could consult complete Greek manuscripts. Also important to note is that some continue to argue that the Textus Receptus is the "best" or "only" real New Testament text, particularly in connection with its usage as the text behind the King James Version. Textus Receptus Only (TRO) position given a quick review from a King James Bible Only (KJBO) perspective. in Novum Testamentum", The New Testament In The Original Greek (New York 1882), "Far Eastern Bible College - A HISTORY OF MY DEFENCE OF THE KING JAMES VERSION", A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, "The Text of the Rheims and Douay Version of Holy Scripture", Random House Webster's College Dictionary, Die Textgrundlage des Neues Testaments, 2006, Daniel Heinsius and the Textus Receptus of the New Testament, The Majority Text Compared to the Received Text, Comparison of the Textus Receptus with other manuscript editions. Much has changed, however, in the past two centuries. It has all the Bibles in an Interlinear and Parallel Bible format, and an English/Greek analysis for each verse. Erasmus had been working for years on two projects: a collation of Greek texts and a fresh Latin New Testament. King James Only or Textus Receptus Only: What’s the difference? He enlarged the Apparatus by considering more citations from the Fathers, and various versions, such as the Gothic, the Armenian, and the Philoxenian. Recognitum et Emendatum. In short, the Textus Receptus represents the God-guided revision of the majority text. [17], The Textus Receptus was defended by John William Burgon in his The Revision Revised (1881) and also by Edward Miller in A Guide to the Textual Criticism of the New Testament (1886). Though the terms textus receptus and majority text are frequently used as though they were synonymous, they by no means mean the same thing. Westcott and Hort published The New Testament in the Original Greek in 1881 in which they rejected what they considered to be the dated and inadequate Textus Receptus. This includes William Tyndale and Martin Luther.The earliest edition was put together by Erasmus in 1516. 1 It is also known as the Received Text, and is accepted as being the closest text to that used in the King James translation of 1611. Consequently, most modern scholars consider his text to be of dubious quality. This seems to be the assumption of Wescott and Hort, Nestle, and others. He wrote, "There remains the New Testament translated by me, with the Greek facing, and notes on it by me. "[9] Popular demand for Greek New Testaments led to a flurry of further authorized and unauthorized editions in the early sixteenth century, almost all of which were based on Erasmus' work and incorporated his particular readings but typically also making a number of minor changes of their own.[10]. In the second edition (1519) Erasmus used also Minuscule 3. The third edition is known as the Editio Regia. It was the most commonly used text type for Protestant denominations. En toute rigueur, l'expression Textus Receptus est apparue dans l'édition du Nouveau Testament, publiée en 1633 par Abraham et Bonaventure Elzévir. For Hills, the task of biblical scholarship is to identify the particular line of preserved transmission through which God is acting; a line that he sees in the specific succession of manuscript copying, textual correction and printing, which culminated in the Textus Receptus and the King James Bible. There is a long and extensive amount of information regarding the Textus Receptus, and unfortunately I feel that if I did try to put the amount of information here, it would be too lengthy and a bit technical . As such, the following post does not represent the views of the blog as a whole. Among them are included Codex Bezae, Codex Regius, minuscules 4, 5, 6, 2817, 8, 9. The methodology of the Textus Receptus follows the biblical example of organically receiving the Word of God. Like Timothy, who was able to know the Word of God from childhood, it proposes that all we have to do determine the true Scriptures is to look at what was received by God’s people. He is seeking to build a case in defense of the Critical Text using the variant reading from the Critical Text! After him came two Genevan reformed scholars, Stephanus and Theodore Beza (who was John Calvin’s successor), with their multiple editions of the Greek New Testament. Log In. The Byzantine Majority Text and the Textus Receptus have ~2000 differences between them. We’re aware that being Textus Receptus Only and King James Only are not synonymous. The King-James-Version-Only advocates are John William Burgon (1813–1888), E. H. A. Scrivener (1813–1891), Edward Miller (1825–1901), and Edward F. Hills (1912–1981). We have 5000 copies - we should not be restricted to just half a dozen. So the Textus Receptus is definitely a Byzantine text, but far from a purely Byzantine text. Karl Lachmann (1793–1851) was the first who broke with the Textus Receptus. First, we must remember that Erasmus was not the only person who worked on what came to be known as the Textus Receptus. by Luke Wayne | Oct 31, 2018 | Minor Groups & Issues, King James Onlyism. Secondly, in every place where “ampheteros” is used in the Textus Receptus, the King James translators rendered it as “both” in English. [6] They all dated from the 12th Century or later, and only one came from outside the mainstream Byzantine tradition. The King James version Onlyist love to uses these men's tired arguments in their defense of the corrupt Textus Receptus and the King James Version. Having a doctrinal discussion with a TR man is like playing chess with a man who feels that he can pick up any piece off of the board at any time and replace it with one more to his liking. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 22 août 2020 à 03:15. Miller's arguments in favour of readings in the Textus Receptus were of the same kind. The preface reads, Textum ergo habes, nunc ab omnibus receptum: in quo nihil immutatum aut corruptum damus ("so you hold the text, now received by all, in which (is) nothing corrupt"). [24] Scrivener showed that some texts were incorporated from the Vulgate (for example, Acts 9:6; Rev 17:4.8). . The Darby Bible (DBY, formal title The Holy Scriptures: A New Translation from the Original Languages by J. N. Darby) refers to the Bible as translated from Hebrew and Greek by John Nelson Darby. Textus Receptus agrees with the vast majority of the citations from scripture by the early church fathers. In the sequel it will appear, that they were not altogether ignorant of two classes of manuscripts; one of which contains the text which we have adopted from them; and the other that text which has been adopted by M. It is also known as the Received Text, and is accepted as being the closest text to that used in the King James translation of 1611. Had he barely undertaken to perpetuate the tradition on which he received the sacred text he would have done as much as could be required of him, and more than sufficient to put to shame the puny efforts of those who have vainly labored to improve upon his design. He was an ardent advocate of the supremacy of the Textus Receptus over all other editions of the Greek New Testament, and he argued that the first editors of the printed Greek New Testament intentionally selected those texts because of their superiority and disregarded other texts, which represented other text-types because of their inferiority. It is extremely common for King James Only advocates to conflate the “Majority Text” (M-Text) with the “Textus Receptus” (TR), or the tradition of printed Greek texts behind the King James Version. The Textus Receptus is not just the half-dozen manuscripts of Erasmus In any event, the fact that Erasmus had only a handful of manuscripts during his preparation of the 1516 edition is irrelevant in regards to the reliability of the text underlying the KJV. FACTS on the TEXTUS RECEPTUS and the KING JAMES VERSION Allan A. MacRae and Robert C. Newman . An Introduction to Textual Criticism: Part 8–“Traditional Text” Positions: Textus Receptus and Majority Text Only Colin Smith , April 19, 2008 August 27, 2011 , Textual Issues Those who hold to the view that only the King James Version of the Bible is the normative text of the church cannot be considered among rational, textual scholars. He wasn’t even the first. When the majority text was being compiled by Hodges and Farstad, their collaborator Pickering estimated that their resultant text would differ from the textus receptus in over 1,000 places; in fact, the differences amounted to 1,838. There had always been a challenge from Roman Catholicism, but this challenge came from men who were officially Protestants: Church of England Bishop Brooke Foss Westcott and Cambridge University Professor Fenton John Anthony Hort.The heart of the Wescott and Hort theory was that the New Testament was preserved in almost perfect condition in two Greek texts, the Vaticanus and the Sinaticus. He goes so far as to conclude that Erasmus must have been providentially guided when he introduced Latin Vulgate readings into his Greek text;[19] and even argues for the authenticity of the Comma Johanneum. Answer: The Textus Receptus (Latin for “Received Text”) is a Greek New Testament that provided the textual base for the vernacular translations of the Reformation Period. Hence the true text is found not only in the text of the majority of the New Testament manuscripts but more especially in the Textus Receptus and in faithful translations of the Textus Receptus, such as the King James Version. Is the Received Text Based on a Few Late Manuscripts? Griesbach distinguished a Western, an Alexandrian, and a Byzantine Recension. Not only that but the RCC and CoE had huge roles in its composition. In Christianity, the term Textus Receptus (Latin: "received text") designates all editions of the Greek texts of the New Testament from the Novum Instrumentum omne established by Erasmus in 1516 to the 1633 Elzevier edition (the latter may or may not included). The Textus Receptus was mainly established on a basis of manuscripts of the Byzantine text-type, also called 'Majority text', and usually is identified with it by its followers. The analysis shows that the only translatable differences between the Textus Receptus and other extant Greek manuscripts are two small words: καὶ and γὰρ. Why? Forgot account? Even the word saved is translated as "glad" or "made glad" often times. Also of interest is the Dean Burgun Society and David Otis Fuller and Trinitarian Bible Society. [26] He suggested 150 corrections in the Textus Receptus Gospel of Matthew alone. Hills argues that the principle of providentially-preserved transmission guarantees that the printed Textus Receptus must be the closest text to the Greek autographs and so he rejects readings in the Byzantine Majority Text where they are not maintained in the Textus Receptus. F. H. A. Scrivener (1813–1891) remarked that at Matt. 4. For many centuries, it was the standard text of the Greek Bible. See more of Textus Receptus on Facebook. Typographical errors, attributed to the rush to complete the work, abounded in the published text. The edition of 1551 contains the Latin translation of Erasmus and the Vulgate. It has critical apparatus in which quoted manuscripts referred to the text. "[5] Erasmus' new work was published by Froben of Basel in 1516, becoming the first published Greek New Testament, the Novum Instrumentum omne, diligenter ab Erasmo Rot. In this manuscript, it was not always easy for Erasmus to distinguish the commentary text from the biblical source text. The King James version Onlyist love to uses these men's tired arguments in their defense of the corrupt Textus Receptus and the King James Version. The edition was a sell-out commercial success and was reprinted in 1519, with most but not all the typographical errors corrected. La préface de cette édition affirmait, en latin : Textum ergo habes, nunc ab omnibus receptum: in quo nihil immutatum aut corruptum damus. Thus, from what was a more or less casual phrase advertising the edidon (what modern publishers might call a "blurb"), there arose the designation ", This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 23:24. The reason why only 2 small revival movements in Finland use it, is because unlike the KJV which people claim is archaic, this one REALLY is archaic, we are talking colossal differences. According to the first position the Textus Receptus has to be the one and only reliable text of the Greek New Testament. The effect of the Textus Receptus on the accuracy of the King James Version. 2) The Older texts all come from Alexandria, where allegorical interpretation of Scripture was practiced. This is an online bible of the Greek Textus Receptus from which the King James translation was made. All of them great scholars, but from the first edition to the 21st of this Textus Receptus very few changes were made. [27], The Latin phrase, textus receptus, is sometimes used in other instances and may refer to "a text of a work that is generally accepted as being genuine or original [1855-60]."[34][35]. Textus Receptus, or "Received Text," (abbreviated TR) is the name we use for the first published Greek text of the New Testament. Constantin von Tischendorf's Editio Octava Critica Maior was based on Codex Sinaiticus. 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