The photo on the right shows the April drilling date (foreground) at GS39 full flag leaf, the March-drilled crop at full ear emergence (near background) and the February-drilled crop post-flowering (far background). The trial at Manangatang was dry sown into a pea stubble and emerged well. The trial at Nhill was sown into moist soil and emerged well achieving just under the target plant density of 140 plants/m2. Pests, weeds and diseases were controlled to best management practice. Replicated trials were established at Nhill, Warmur, Manangatang (NVT), Ultima (NVT) and Kalkee. The value of a sound crop protection program. Controlling black-grass with a cultural method - is that possible? Table 4. For late-sown crops, plant The standard seed rate of 350 seeds/m² appears to be the ideal seed rate for many of the spring barley varieties when good seedbeds and growing conditions are conducive to quick plant emergence, states Ron Granger, Limagrain UK’s arable technical manager. For seeders with only a single tank, mix the seeds well at the ratio of 80% peas and 40% barley (relating to the standard sowing quantities of both crops) before filling the seeder. Phone: (03) 5492 2787 The February-drilled crop had the longest straw, the lowest grain nitrogen and experienced the most brackling. This was also a result of the plant reaching maturity very quickly and secondary tillers forming, meaning crops were more exposed to weather (delayed harvest). Common problems were dark tipping and ‘bin burn’ which was discolouration that occurred in the paddock due to weather conditions. A combination of factors could have influenced the performance of Compass at most sites: Early sown crops generally grow bigger and taller which, in 2016, contributed to lodging at the grain filling stage and at maturity, resulting in head loss. CHAIRMAN’S WELCOME I THE BIG TEN I BOARD, STAFF AND COMMITTEE I THE YEAR THAT WAS I 2016 RESEARCH SITES I SITE DESCRIPTIONS I BCG RESEARCH METHODOLOGY I GUIDELINES FOR INTERPRETING SOIL TEST RESULTS I GRAIN PRICES I PRODUCTION COSTS I ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS I WHEAT VARIETY SPECIFICATIONS I NVT WHEAT YIELD RESULTS I BARLEY VARIETY SPECIFICATIONS I NVT BARLEY YIELD RESULTS I CANOLA VARIETY SPECIFICATIONS I NVT CANOLA YIELD RESULTS I NVT PULSE YIELD RESULTS I CEREAL GROWTH STAGE CHART, Your email address will not be published. At index 3, a high-yielding spring barley crop will require three bags of 18:6:12/acre at sowing plus two bags of CAN (27%N)/acre at early tillering. Table 1. Generally the earlier a crop is sown the longer its phyllochron will be. In terms of yield, there was no measurable difference between sowing time with the mean of both sowing times being the same. The initial yield results were interesting, with no significant difference in performance for both 2017 and 2018. The Wimmera NVT long-term data is in line with the Mallee data, showing Spartacus CL and Compass yielding exceptionally well over a five year period (note: only three years of data for Spartacus CL). Both sowing times however, were within malt thresholds. This highlights the importance of sowing in the optimum window for each variety in a given year. Keeping in mind that this is one year of data in an above average season for most regions, it is extremely important to look at the long-term variety performance. See 2014 BCG Season Research Results, pp. Spot form of net blotch was quite evident at the site and was managed accordingly so as not to affect overall yield. Field Crops Res., 9: 151--162. ​If you were able to drill spring barley in February in good conditions, that is fine. The excellent growing season in 2016 delivered some excellent yield results but also created some challenges. Delaying the date of sowing of spring‐sown barley in 1953 and wheat in 1954 from February to April increased the incidence of powdery mildew, Erysiphe graminis DC., from May onwards. ... influenced by sowing date. E. J. M. KIRBY. The results have shown very distinct differences in growth habit, as can be seen in the below photos. Figure 2 compares the 2016 average of all Mallee sites (as a percentage of the site mean) with a long-term (five years) average of each variety. Chapter 5 The effect of plant density and sowing date on spring barley ..... 72 5.1 Introduction . The effect of sowing date and plant density on barley. Unfortunately, it is impossible to think about spring barley drilling dates without considering black-grass and what the implications are based on timings.​, Managing the threat of black-grass this spring. Secondary tillers were prevalent late in the season, so the trial was desiccated before harvest to bring it in evenly. The highest yielding varieties at both sowing times were Rosalind and Fathom. Unfortunately, it is impossible to think about spring barley drilling dates without considering black-grass and what the implications are based on timings. Wheat, barley, and oat were sown at 120, 200, and 280 seeds/m2 (about 44, 72 and 100 lbs/A) in a split plot design with NT and CT as main plots and sowing rate x cereal species combinations as subplots. Test weight was low in Commander and Compass, while protein was low (below malt grade) for malt varieties La Trobe, Scope CL and Commander. Both the early and later sown plots emerged well and were even across varieties. This is why the benchmark spring population is higher at 305plants/m2 for Barley In order to achieve the optimum plant population in spring the seed rate at sowing has to be adjusted in order to take into account changes in expected establishment. FragmentaAgronomica . characteristics (Table 3). the most likely answer would be, "In the spring". Test weight was slightly lower in most varieties, with the only malt varieties within specification (>65kg/hl) being La Trobe, Scope CL, GrangeR, Oxford and Flinders. Barley yields (t/ha) at Kalkee when sown early (TOS1) and late (TOS2). Again, it is important to consider the long-term performance of a variety over a number of years and seasonal finishes, and not to throw a variety out on the back of an exceptionally rare year. The trial may have been limited in nitrogen, when yields were compared to other barley trials at the same site. In terms of grain quality, test weight was very low for all varieties. To find out more about the cookies we use and how to delete them, see our Cookie Policy. Posts: 54 Adverts | Friends. The barley variety trial at Kalkee also looked at the interaction between variety and sowing time. Across two seasons we have conducted trials at our Haywold 3D Thinking trial site studying three drilling dates. I believe we are just starting to see the impact, resulting in a spring flush of the grass weed. Hi, just wondering has anyone sown spring barley yet ? 69. On high-clay soils, spring barley establishment can vary from 55% for E. M. Potterton, T. McCabe, The effect of sowing date and nitrogen rate on the grain yield, grain quality and malt analyses of spring malting barley for distilling in Ireland, The Journal of Agricultural Science, 10.1017/S002185961800059X, 156, 4, (515-527), (2018). Note: Rosalind and Spartacus have only been in NVT trials for three years. The earlier sown crops were taller and produced substantial biomass. Thesis , CCS ,HAU,Hisar . cost or expense incurred from relying on the information within. Compass performed poorly when sown early, with substantial lodging and head loss. GUIDELINES FOR INTERPRETING SOIL TEST RESULTS, GRDC Hands On Precision Agriculture Training – St Arnaud, GRDC Hands On Precision Agriculture Training – Longerenong, GRDC Hands On Precision Agriculture Training – Manangatang. Figure 1. Assessments included, establishment counts/scores, NDVI (measure of canopy greenness) and grain yield and quality parameters. A randomised complete block design was used for all trials apart from at Kalkee where a split plot design was used. Important updates and advice regarding coronavirus (Covid-19), Spring barley drilling dates and yield performance, The initial yield results were interesting, with no significant difference in performance for both 2017 and 2018. This stage can be broken by some kind of 'significant event' such as flooding or where land has been held at field capacity for several weeks (does that ring any bells this year?) However, from a quality perspective, we did see the shortest straw, the highest grain nitrogen and the highest specific weight in the April-drilled crops. Table 2. Earlier drilling through late February and up to mid-March has been shown to boost yield potential compared to sowings in mid-March to early April (see Chart 1). Head loss counts (heads/m2) measured after harvest to determine the impact on yield (P=<0.001, LSD=30.3, CV=43.6%). ​​David RobinsonHead of Innovation Knowledge Exchange, © COPYRIGHT FRONTIER AGRICULTURE LTD 2021. There were also no differences when just comparing barley (mean of all varieties) at TOS1 and TOS2. 15.10.19. Required fields are marked *. The authors and BCG does not accept any liability for the contents of this publication or any loss, damage, In this year’s barley time of sowing trial Fathom and Spartacus CL, which are both early maturing varieties, obtained a significant yield benefit when sown earlier. For example, will the selected variety help to suppress weeds? Conversely, Spartacus CL made an additional $62 when sown early. Westminster, Oxford, GrangeR). The highest yielding varieties were Fathom, Spartacus CL and Rosalind and the lowest were Scope CL and Compass (Table 1). spring barley crops grown and frequently monitored at sites in Cork, Carlow and Wexford over three growing seasons from 2011 to 2013. Barley is highly sensitive to acidity. Spartacus CL also achieved malt specification but as it is currently undergoing malt accreditation, was classified as feed. Following spring barley with wheat is okay and will be necessary to correct many rotations for harvest 2021. Can we support your event? Spring sown cereals, especially barley, are an option if you have a situation where winter sowing wasn’t possible. Potato sprout suppression: CIPC fogging in 2017 and future development. Drilling date is vital in getting spring barley off to the best possible start and has a major influence on final yield. The 2016 growing season was exceptional, described by a number of farmers as “the best they have ever experienced”. An open invitation to the industry, It's that time of year again - SOYL Winter Workshops, Spring barley has great flexibility around drilling date, Make use of the time you have to achieve a good seed bed, Make every effort to improve and preserve soil health as much as possible ahead of drilling, Utilise the time you have to hit black-grass hard this spring. Spring barley is an important food, feed and technical grain crop. Content on this website has been prepared in good faith on the basis of information available at the date of publication. More detailed information can be found in Appendix 4 on page 220. Further information on head loss and lodging susceptibility, and harvest risks in varieties, can be found in the ‘Delayed harvest of barley’ article page 49. Sowing at 20 cm, instead of at a 5-cm depth, reduced plant establishment and grain yield by 76 and 62% respectively for barley, and 71 and 39% for wheat. While this may be good in the short-term, it is important to also think about a varieties long-term impacts on your farm. In previous TOS trials, earlier sown crops have out-yielded later sown crops, but the canopy was a lot less dense in those years. Assuming Scope CL achieved malt, there really is no difference between gross income of the two varieties. April was labelled the latest drilling date in 2018 – even more so when you consider that the country experienced drought and a significant heatwave that lasted from mid-April to mid-September in that year. International: +61 3 5492 2787. 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