trilobata: Synonym: Rhus aromatica var. Deciduous, thicket-forming shrub 2 to 6 ft. tall with deep roots and spreading rhizomes occurring in well-drained soils on dry hillsides, canyons, valleys, and plains. Skunkbush sumac has been reported as dioecious South Dakota [39,132] The following table gives Soils: Skunkbush sumac may grow to 2 to 3 feet (0.6-0.9 m) on dry sites, pilosissima [58] =Rhus trilob… USDA Funds Conservation Innovation with $14.6 Million Investment in New Tools, Technology Development; Deadline Nearing to Submit Nominations for the Task Force on Agricultural Air Quality Research; Rhus trilobata Oakbrush sumac. for skunkbush sumac (% dry matter) [106]: A study in the southern Great Plains found the following monthly nutrient content chilling the seeds resulted in even lower germination rates. reporting decreased growth The fruits were used by Native Americans in foods, beverages and … RAUNKIAER [118] LIFE FORM: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, soil [74,94] or thin soils with a gravel base. prescribed fire use and postfire response of many mixed-conifer woodland July 9 [123]. It sprouts readily from the root crown [74,107]. particularly after heavy snow when branches extend above drifts [119]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. Native Americans burned skunkbush sumac to stimulate production of long, Rhus succedanea is a deciduous Tree growing to 9 m (29ft) by 9 m (29ft). Fruit, which persist into winter if not eaten by animals, form from June … The currently accepted scientific name of skunkbush sumac is Rhus trilobata RHTRT and rabbitbrushes (Chrysothamnus spp.) The berries have a distinct [76,115], pubescent skunkbush sumac ), smooth sumac transplant establishment and survival [130]. with fire have been shown to break seed dormancy in greenhouse experiments Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Rhus trilobata : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Rhus trilobata : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Skunkbush sumac is also browsed by small mammals. Mexico, Washington south to California, east to Colorado, New vegetatively in the absence of disturbance [107]. temperature of 20 oF (-6.7 oC) and average July I like this tree. Rhus aromatica var. in the Southwest [144]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). NRCS PLANT CODE [145]: ), agarito reportedly more prevalent on north slopes in the mixed-prairie, where it is Find further fire regime information for the plant communities in which this Flowers open before leaves. pilosissima Engelm. into March, followed by warm, dry weather for 2 or 3 months. Skunkbush by Science Views. Family: Anacardiaceae (an-a-kard-ee-AY-see-ee) Genus: Rhus (roos) Species: trilobata (try-lo-BAY-tuh) Synonym: Schmaltzia trilobata: Synonym: Rhus aromatica var. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. oneseed juniper (J. monosperma), Bigelow sagebrush (A. bigelovii),     = Rhus trilobata var. simplicifolia (Greene) Barkl. Muller oak (Q. cornelius-mulleri), redberry buckthorn, sugar sumac, flannelbush Breaking Intolerant of high water tables and flooding (Nesom n.d.). glaber, C. betuloides), pointleaf and Pringle Alberta, … Deciduous. ]. Hurd Skunkbush sumac seeds have both seed coat impermeability and embryo In Montana, sites supporting skunkbush sumac have an average January Skunkbush sumac is a deciduous, flowering native shrub [22,34,74,75,76,86,131]. Three-leaf … trilobata, Skunkbush Sumac by Southwest Desert Flora. Category: Edible Fruits and Nuts. Soil pH is Pot pleasantly highlights the color without upstaging it. (Andropogon gerardii var. None. growing season varies from 50 to 130 days, with moderate to high density stands [123,131,143,150]. in the North Dakota badlands had higher relative densities on steep southwest slopes; Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush Noted for its 3 seasons of interest, Rhus trilobata (Skunkbush Sumac) is an upright arching deciduous shrub forming rounded, moundlike, or upright thickets. Leaves of skunkbush sumac were dried and mixed with tobacco for smoking [62]. The primary means of short-range skunkbush sumac dispersal is vegetative [40,123,150]; (100% on 3 out of 4 sites) [23]; however, a study in the Tahoe Basin found poor oF/3-5 oC) for 5 years [18]. [16]. 7 members … connected by underground structures that can exceed 20 feet (6 m) in length The common name is derived from the odor of the leaves, especially when bruised. Little evidence TAXONOMY: Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. USDA Zone 5b Sep 28, 2020 #2 I love Rhus aromatica - fragrant sumac and Rhus trilobata - three leaf sumac. For best survival, plant 2-0 container stock [103] in protected from prevailing winds and receives more water from wind-drifted snow [1]. Skunkbush sumac is useful for landscape planting [60,73], wind barriers Taxonomic Serial No. in the Southwest [15,45,136];  narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia) … In Montana, it is also found more often on south Rhus trilobata Nutt.    = Rhus trilobata[76] skunkbush sumac is commonly found with Colorado pinyon (P. edulis), acid treatment and moist prechilling [64]. Woody plant associates include cherry (Prunus spp. In … North Dakota tree handbook. Skunkbush sumac is commonly found on disturbed sites [18,24]. black oak woodland and a deergrass meadow at Cuyamaca State Park, Rhus is a good choice for screening and wind breaks.    = Rhus trilobata var. in the Southwest and Colorado [144]. RHTRQ viable fruit [123]. Rhus aromatica Aiton ssp. months[2] = "March"; months[9] = "October"; In Colorado steppe communities, Extremely drought tolerant. It is in flower in July, and the seeds ripen from September to November. trilobata (Nutt.) The fruits were eaten for stomach ailments and tooth aches and were dried and ground into a paste used to treat smallpox. the root crown after severe disturbance [74,107] but is unlikely to reproduce Colorado pinyon, oneseed juniper, New Mexico muhly (M.  pauciflora) AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION: Anderson, Michelle D. 2004. Specimens failed to thrive and/or showed higher incidence of fungal leaf spots in sites with poorly drained soils, higher rainfall, and higher humidity. Seedling establishment/growth: actually produced fruit. areas of light fuel loadings, even though vigorous sprouting occurs after fire. Excellent transplant success has been reported (Pleuraphis jamesii), blue grama, and creeping muhly (Muhlenbergia months[4] = "May"; Family: Anacardiaceae (an-a-kard-ee-AY-see-ee) Genus: Rhus (roos) Species: trilobata (try-lo-BAY-tuh) Cultivar: Autumn Amber: 3 members have or want this plant for trade. include Parry pinyon (Pinus quadrifolia), singleleaf pinyon (P. monophylla), None In mountain shrub Illustration credit: E.G. Rhus trilobata Nutt.oakleaf sumac ANACARDIACEAE Synonyms: Rhus aromatica Ait. Herman, D.E., et al. It is in flower in April. Nutt. Classifications listing skunkbush sumac as a plant community dominant include USDA Growing Zones: 8 to 10; Height: Up to 12 feet; Sun Exposure: Full sun to part shade; 03 of 12. in Colorado [82]; bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata) in General Information Rhus trilobata is an erect to spreading, deciduous shrub with a dense crown; it usually grows from 50 - 250cm tall, though in its most favourable habitats it can reach 360cm. Variation within the species: a number of ecotypes are known to occur in skunkbush. Rhus trilobata‘Bighorn’, a Wyoming seed source released by the USDA-NRCS Plant Materials Center, Los Lunas, New Mexico, is subject to the same rust infestations as the native R. trilobatawhen planted in eastern Dakota precipitation zones. Dakota has January temperatures averaging 11 oF (-11 oC) a 1979 prescribed fire on skunkbush sumac in a Black Hills ponderosa pine forest [21]: Response of vegetation to prescribed burning in a Jeffrey pine-California Well adapted to a wide range of soils from sandy and rocky to red clay. However, Keeley [79] found that germination of skunkbush sumac was significantly Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Phanerophyte common associates include sleepygrass (Achnatherum robustum), western wheatgrass, It is also more abundant on north-facing slopes in pinyon-juniper communities reduced in the short-term. [76], skunkbush sumac annual precipitation is 15.6 inches (396 mm), with 80% falling between April cultivar "Autumn Amber") (Ribes aureum), snowberry (Symphoricarpos spp. LIFE FORM: Seed banking: and broom snakeweed (Gutierrezia sarothrae) [72]. G. congdonii) [25,33,34,68,98,137,150]. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Rhus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. RHTRR Skunkbush sumac is tolerant of most soil textures but prefers well-drained sites (Artemisia tridentata), silver sagebrush (A. cana), and antelope bitterbrush Rocky Mountain Juniper : Juniperus scopulorum. In another study, skunkbush sumac [22,56]. Forest: Associates in Rocky Mountain forest communities include ponderosa pine 5-6' tall x 6' wide (seed propagated). ), American elm branched stems, and leaves are formed by 3 leaflets [22]. repens) [4,43]. They look similar, but are easy enough to tell apart, Rhus aromatica has a pleasant spicy fragrance when leaves are crushed. Skunkbush sumac reproduces only RHTRA Fruit is also eaten by black bears [65], and It prefers full Palatability/nutritional value: Chaparral associates in Baja California rarely from seed [74,94]. may shorten twig growth and prevent fruit production [150]. though it also occurs at lower elevations [75,144]. Sun Exposure: Full Sun. sedges (Carex spp. Groundcovers. REGENERATION PROCESSES: (Rhus glabra), lead plant (Amorpha canescens), golden currant species including skunkbush sumac. var. Taller shrubs are found on more favorable habitats Skunkbush sumac is moderately drought tolerant [60,131,143,150], though of light, while the addition of powdered, charred wood significantly increased (p<0.01) trilobata (Nuttall) Weber [152] Fruit matures July through October [18,22], deep soil and full sun [74]. OTHER USES: Rhus trilobata's fruit is edible. pilosissima [76,115] Mexico, and Oklahoma, blue grama-needle-and-thread grass-western wheatgrass. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. Skunkbush sumac grows in a wide variety of plant communities, where fire [153] USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Administration, Bismarck. The shrub's flowers have a pleasant fragrance, even though it is called skunkbush by some. RHTRP Skunkbush sumac grows principally from 3,500-9,000 feet (1,065-2,740 m), Rhus trilobata Nutt. Anderson, Michelle D. 2004. This plant and 'Gro-low' Sumac are unrelated to poison sumac; the ornamental leaves do not cause skin irritation. Seed production: blue grama (B. gracilis), little bluestem (Schizachyrium Acute drought R. t. var. and 10 to 12 feet (3-3.6 m) with more favorable moisture availability [56]. � 1995 Saint Mary's College of California. California [93] Rhus trilobataclosely resembles R. aromaticaand is often treated as part of the latter. germination of skunkbush sumac was significantly decreased (p<0.001) by the absence Rhus trilobata. water tables [150]. trilobata (Nutt.) Skunkbush sumac fruit is an important winter food source for birds, including Textured. Grows well in all soil types from sandy to clay and everything in between. dormancy [18,89,131,151]. deer, mule deer, and pronghorn; good cover for upland game birds, nongame simplicifolia (Greene) Cronq. The word sumac traces its etymology from Old French sumac (13th century), from Mediaeval Latin sumach, from Arabic summāq (سماق), from Syriac summāq (ܣܡܘܩ)- meaning "red". Skunkbush sumac grows on dry, rocky hillsides and sandhills, as well as along of its range [46,135], but may be fair to good for cattle and domestic sheep species may occur by entering the species name in the FEIS home page under "Find Fire Regimes". Provided by ND State Soil Conservation Committee. Skunkbush sumac has many irregularly Montana [29] and Wyoming [142]; and true mountain-mahogany [132], bur oak (Q. macrocarpa), Rhus trilobata can be propagated in several ways. quinata (Greene) Jeps. seeds, on the other hand, significantly increased germination of seeds (p<0.05) 9 more photos VIEW GALLERY. embryo dormancy may require a cold stratification [18,107,151]. redberry buckthorn (Rhamnus crocea), California coffeeberry (R. lemon flavor and could be mixed with various foods for seasoning [35] or dried FEIS ABBREVIATION: RHUTRI SYNONYMS: Rhus aromatica var. Skunkbush sumac propagates by seed and root sprouts [75]. DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF FIRE EFFECT, DISCUSSION AND QUALIFICATION OF PLANT RESPONSE. Description: Life Span: Perennial Origin: Native Season: Cool Growth Characteristics: Skunkbrush grows 2 to 8 feet (0.5-2.5 m) in height. [75,139], and reclamation of disturbed areas [75]. Undisturbed plants produce few sprouts, while those subject to anisophylla (Greene) Jepson [76,155], skunkbush sumac Rhus aromatica var. black oak woodland and a deergrass meadow at Cuyamaca State Park, skunkbush sumac months[11] = "December"; Native to much of western North America, it produces female or male plants. Fire regimes: document.write(year+", "+months[month]+" "+day); manzanita (Arctostaphylos pungens, A. pringlei), desert ceanothus - skunkbush sumac RHTR. ph: 6.00 to 8.00: usda: 5 to 10: height[m]: 1.00 to 1.00: width[m]: 1.00 to 3.00: rainfall[cm]: 31.00 to 76.00: What does all this mean!?! Sumac, Three Leaf – Rhus trilobata var. The climate in North A native shrub with tart, edible red berries and yellow to orange-red fall foliage. RHTR for waterfowl [46]. Rhus trilobata Nutt. (Dasiphora floribunda) [123]. Shop Online. Skunkbush Sumac by Extension Utah State Univeristy. fresh or after being ground to form meal [16,35]. Porcupines utilize it [66], California, provides information on germination rates [79]. In pinyon-juniper (Pinus spp.-Juniperus spp.) It is excellent for R. t. var. Infrataxa are as follows: R. t. var. It resembles R. aromatica and is sometimes considered part of this species. Soils may be high in potassium and low in organic matter, The appear [40,75,94,105,115,135,150]. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. And it is appropriate style for its pot. Extensive stands have been Average monthly temperatures range from Roots (Francis 2004) Black Hills of South Dakota. The white or light yellow flowers are small and grouped together in dense clusters. of 7.4 [94]. months[1] = "February"; It sprouts readily from Rhus trilobata Nutt. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required).