Few may know that the 77-km-long Lake Balaton is the largest lake in Central Europe, with a territory of 594 km 2. [citation needed] It also attracted many East Germans and other residents of the Eastern Bloc. Lake Balaton Follow us The Balaton region is one of Hungary’s most popular destinations; where you can trek in the beautiful National Park, go hiking up the mountains and hills that offer outstanding panoramas, or where you can rest your weary body and soul at any of … The bed of the Balaton is relatively young; it was formed less than 1,000,000 years ago. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The Mediterranean-like climate, combined with the soil (containing volcanic rock), has made the region notable for its production of wines since the Roman period two thousand years ago.[17]. With this flexible option, you can customize your itinerary and look forward to discovering highlights like Festetics Palace, the Balaton Museum, Sumeg Castle, and more. The average water temperature during the summer is 25 °C (77 °F), which makes bathing and swimming popular on the lake. Originally, there were five small lakes that extended in a north-south chain, but these coalesced when erosion broke down the dividing ridges. The oldest and best-known settlement is Tihany, noted for its museum and biological station. Therefore, since 2013, it is prohibited. Keszthely is the site of the Festetics Palace and Balatonfüred is a historical bathing town which hosts the annual Anna Ball. The battle was a German attack by Sepp Dietrich's Sixth Panzer Army and the Hungarian Third Army between 6 March and 16 March 1945, and in the end, resulted in a Red Army victory. T1 - Lake Balaton. Its maximum depth is 37 feet (11 metres). Few people can resist when near one of the beaches of Lake Balaton. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. [12] It is unlikely that the Germans named the lake so for being shallow since the adjective platt is a Greek loanword that was borrowed via French and entered the general German vocabulary in the 17th century. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Lake-Balaton. a Balaton (the Balaton). Most of the beaches consist of either grass, rocks, or the silty sand that also makes up most of the bottom of the lake. …soil and abundant water resources—notably. For its large surface area, Lake Balaton is an extremely shallow lake - its average depth is a mere 3.2 m. Its main tributary, Zala River drains the western half of the watershed of 5,770 sq. In the column “Balaton Info” we would like to familiarize you with various activities, and with peculiarities of this wonderful region – Lake Balaton. Recent high-resolution lake seismic measurements in the eastern embayment of Lake Balaton have enabled the calculation of the present water bottom and the lacustrine sediment layer thickness. [13][14] It is also noteworthy that the average depth of Balaton (3.2 m [10 ft])[15] is not extraordinary for the area (cf. This app displays seamlessly the beauty of paper charts, a "look and feel" experience combined with S57 data. The lake is almost completely surrounded by separated bike lanes to facilitate bicycle tourism. It is the largest lake in Central Europe, and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations. TY - JOUR. West Germans could also visit, making Balaton a common meeting place for families and friends separated by the Berlin Wall until 1989.[22]. One can acquire fishing rod maps both in angler business and at camping sites. Corrections? The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water. The most interesting statistic of the lake is its depth, or rather lack of it as the average depth is just 3.3 meters. In winter the lake is covered with a sheet of ice about 8 inches (20 cm) thick. Active recreation on Lake Balaton. Balaton suffered from commercial fishing for a long time. The hobby angler will find bream, carp, zander or perch-pike, asp, ziege or sabre carp, pike and European eel. Out of the many possibilities to relax fishing is a very popular activity.The most suitable area for fishing is the northern shore of Lake Balaton: the eastern part of the Tihany-penninsula, the Tagore-promenade in Balatonfüred, and the "four-metre-section" of Balatonalmádi. [18] The construction of railways in 1861 and 1909 increased tourism substantially, but the post-war boom of the 1950s was much larger. In January 846 Slavic prince Pribina began to build a fortress as his seat of power and several churches in the region of Lake Balaton, in a territory of modern Zalavár surrounded by forests and swamps along the river Zala. The southern border of the lake is very fertile, and the volcanic soils to the northwest form the basis of a noted wine-growing region. The Zander is perhaps the most famous catch along with eels, pike, carp, and catfish. Balaton Lake Hungary. [9][10][11], The German name for the lake is Plattensee. Average depth approximates 10 feet (3 meters), although a depth of over 100 feet (30.5 meters) is found at one point. At it widest point, Lake Balaton measures about 9 miles (14 km) across. It has an area of 231 square miles (598 square km) and extends for 48 miles (77 km) along the southern foothills of the Bakony Mountains of Hungary. Fishing is also big business at Lake Balaton, with commercial fishing occurring over several centuries. Traces of these former lakes can still be seen in the configuration of Lake Balaton today, and the Tihany Peninsula—which projects from the northern shore, narrowing the lake to a width of 1 mile (1.6 km)—is the remnant of one of the dividing ridges. This also implies to the nearly 600 square km Lake Balaton, which average depth is about 3 meters. Anglers on Lake Balaton must be aware and keep the stricter local Balaton Fishing Regulations in addition to the valid state regulations. Outskirts of Small Balaton (Kis-Balaton) are most suitable for a … Updates? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Badacsony is a volcanic mountain and wine-growing region as well as a lakeside resort. N2 - Provides an introduction to the physical geography of the Carpathian Basin and describes the nature of the shallow Hungarian Lake Balaton - its geology and glacial history; morphometry; cultural history; annual physical and chemical cycles; biological … A number of watering places sprang up, notable among which were Siófok, on the southern shore, and Balatonfüred, on the northern shore. Aufl., s. v. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "History of Lake Balaton - Lonely Planet Travel Information", "Urlaub in Ungarn - Ferienwohnung Ferienhaus am Plattensee in Ungarn", "German unity at Lake Balaton – a European history", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lake_Balaton&oldid=997375466, Articles using infobox body of water without alt, Articles using infobox body of water without alt bathymetry, Articles containing Serbo-Croatian-language text, Articles containing Slovene-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Articles needing additional references from August 2012, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopedia Americana with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 05:37. As the prevailing winds are from the northwest, the southeastern shore of the lake is subject to erosion of its banks by wave action. Yachting : The Balaton is the most important routistic area of the yachting in Hungary. MapiTech launches on the market the best official up-to-date RNC (raster) combined with S57 nautical charts (digital): marinas, wrecks, fishing spots, boat ramps, POI. Other tourist attractions include sailing, fishing, and other water sports, as well as visiting the countryside and hills, wineries on the north coast, and nightlife on the south shore. The ‘Hungarian sea’ in the middle of Transdanubia is where Hungarians come to play. Lake Balaton is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary. [9][10][11] His well fortified castle and capital of Lower Pannonian Principality that became known as Blatnohrad or Moosburg ("Swamp Fortress") served as a bulwark both against the Bulgarians and the Moravians. Professional fishing tours at Lake Balaton. Their interaction has given the lake its sulfo-carbonate character. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. For the sailing boats numerous well equipped ports and yacht club are available. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Lake Balaton along the southern foothills of the Bakony Mountains, Hungary. I would like to learn more. The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water. The name is Indo-European in origin (cf. Omissions? Balaton Lake – Hungary resort – center of family rest and water types of sport: sailing, rowing, surfing, water skiing, fishing. Geography and Hydrology. The area receives approximately 5–7 cm (2–3 in) more precipitation than most of Hungary, resulting in more cloudy days and less extreme temperatures. Balatonfőkajár - Balatonakarattya - Balatonkenese - Balatonfűzfő - Balatonalmádi - Alsóörs - Paloznak - Csopak - Balatonarács - Balatonfüred - Tihany - Aszófő - Örvényes - Balatonudvari - Fövenyes - Balatonakali - Zánka - Balatonszepezd - Szepezdfürdő - Révfülöp - Pálköve - Ábrahámhegy - Balatonrendes - Badacsonytomaj - Badacsony - Badacsonytördemic - Szigliget - Balatonederics - Balatongyörök - Vonyarcvashegy - Gyenesdiás - Keszthely, Balatonakarattya - Balatonaliga - Balatonvilágos - Sóstó - Szabadifürdő - Siófok - Széplak - Zamárdi - Szántód - Balatonföldvár - Balatonszárszó - Balatonszemes - Balatonlelle - Balatonboglár - Fonyód - Fonyód–Alsóbélatelep - Bélatelep - Balatonfenyves - Balatonmáriafürdő - Balatonkeresztúr - Balatonberény - Fenékpuszta, Balaton as seen from Alsórét, Balatonkenese. length of 78 km, width ranging from 1 to 15 km. The best-known fish from Lake Balaton is the zander, which is also known as Balaton zander. Fishing rules of Balaton must be followed by person, who has bought a “általános éves területi jegyet”(here referred to as: general yearly local ticket) or a “behúzós heti területi jegyet” (here referred to as boilie fishing weekly local ticket or boilie fishing weekly ticket), furthermore he has to comply with the 23 rd point of the above mentioned rules detailed hereinafter. Lake Balaton is the largest lake in Central Europe with a total area of 594 km² , but its average depth is less than 4 meters. Lake Balaton (pictured above) is one of those six. Lake Balaton is a huge lake, offering challenges to even the most experienced of carp anglers in a beautiful environment. Vineyards northwest of Lake Balaton, in Badacsony, Hungary. Its average depth is around 3 meter. [20][21], During the 1960s and 1970s, Balaton became a major tourist destination due to focused government efforts, causing the number of overnight guests in local hotels and campsites to increase from 700,000 in July 1965 to two million in July 1975. This is why it is such an excellent place for a holiday, to swim, to do water-sports and last but not least to angle. The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalised Sió is the only outflow. Many people believe that the world record carp is living in this lake. Fishing on Lake Balaton and its water system is performed by Balaton Fish Management Non-Profit Ltd.(1 Horgony street, Siófok, 8600). The lake and the surrounding wetlands are highly sensitive to changes in the water regime. The Tihany Peninsula is a historical district. Many resorts have artificial sandy beaches and all beaches have step access to the water. If that sounds like your idea of fun then Lake Balaton is definitely for you. Weekend visitors to the region, including tens of thousands from Budapest, reached more than 600,000 by 1975. The Zala River provides the largest inflow of water to the lake, and the canalised Sió is the only outflow. There is a wildlife reserve in the Tihany Peninsula, and another one in the extensive reedbeds near Keszthely, where rare water birds nest. Several Ilyushin Il-2 wrecks have been pulled out of the lake after having been shot down during the later months of the war. Balaton Fishing Ltd. had been the first in Hungary making it possible to ambitious individual boatmen (ghillies) with decades of experiences to join and be part of an organisation with a professional background in … The predominant anions, or negatively charged chemical components, are carbonate and sulphate, while the corresponding cations, or positive components, are magnesium, calcium, and sodium. Fresh water, shallow water, numerous seaside resorts and quaint little towns on its border, and a pleasant climate are all undeniable assets of Lake Balaton. Lake Balaton will first impress you with its scale: area of 600 km2. Czech pleso ‘sinkhole, deep end of a lake’), later replaced by the Slavic *bolto (Czech bláto, Slovak blato, Polish błoto) meaning 'mud, swamp' (from earlier Proto-Slavic boltьno, Slovene: Blatno jezero, Slovak: Blatenské jazero ). [5] The name is Indo-European in origin (cf. 3.5 meters). Welcome. In distinction to all other endonyms for lakes, which universally bear the identifying suffix -tó (“lake”), Lake Balaton is referred to in Hungarian with a definite article, ie. If you are looking for a huge lake, beautiful environment and some challenges, then Lake Balaton is for you. At it widest point, Lake Balaton measures about 9 miles (14 km) across. As you go, learn about the region’s rich history, and stop for a local meal (own expense). Large free beaches are at Zamárdi, Balatonboglár, Fonyód and Balatonfenyves. It is a major tourist destination and key economic resource, so the local government has focused a lot of energy on a water management plan to reduce nutrient pollution . Balaton is the largest lake in central Europe, and its shallow depth means both that it is relatively family-friendly and that it warms up quickly in the sun. Zamárdi, another resort town on the southern shore, has been the site of Balaton Sound, a notable electronic music festival since 2007. The climate of the region is rather continental, with warm and sunny weather prevailing from May to October. It is the largest lake in Central Europe,[3] and one of the region's foremost tourist destinations. Although the lake is on the average only 3 to 3.5 meters deeply, sees one By the turn of the 20th century, Balaton had become a center of research by Hungarian biologists, geologists, hydrologists, and other scientists, leading to the country's first biological research institute being built on its shore in 1927. Tihany, with its history, its natural beauty, its wildlife, and its picturesque village, is worth placing at the top of that itinerary. Oscillations in the levels of the water surface known as seiches, the product of local variations of atmospheric pressure aided by currents in the water, increase the erosive effect. [19], The last major German offensive of World War II, Operation Frühlingserwachen, was conducted in the region of Lake Balaton in March 1945, being referred to as "the Lake Balaton Offensive" in many British histories of the war. In distinction to all other endonyms for lakes, which universally bear the identifying suffix -tó (“lake”), Lake Balaton is referred to in Hungarian with a definite article, ie. During the communist period, the lake represented a convenient meeting place for… The distance to Balaton Lake from Zagreb city in Croatia – 174 km The distance to Balaton Lake from Budapest city in Hungary – 90 km. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The following fish species can be found in this lake: carp, wels, […] Lake Balaton, is in many ways, a rarity as it is definitely a huge one. The regions around the lake are inhabited by a rich and interesting variety of plant and animal life. a Balaton (the Balaton). They’re not the only ones. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The major resorts around the lake are Siófok, Keszthely, and Balatonfüred. AU - Biro, P. PY - 1984/1/1. Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache, 24. Water outflow is through the sluice gates of Siófok, toward the eastern end of the lake, and the entire contents of the lake are replenished about every two years. Fishing, wine-making, boating on the lake are the most interesting features of recreation. You can only fish with a fishing rod and spinning. Its maximum depth is 37 feet (11 metres). The microclimate around Lake Balaton has also made the region ideal for viticulture. Although the peak season at the lake is the summer, Balaton is also frequented during the winter, when visitors go ice-fishing or even skate, sledge, or ice-sail on the lake if it freezes over. Iceboating on Lake Balaton, central Hungary. Agriculture nevertheless declined in significance as a result of the development of the tourist industry in the second half of the 20th century. Tihany Abbey, a Benedictine monastery in the village of Tihany on the north shore of Lake Balaton, Hungary. The mountainous region of the northern shore is known both for its historic character and as a major wine region, while the flat southern shore is known for its resort towns. Lake Balaton (Hungarian IPA [ˈbɒlɒton], German: Plattensee, Latin: Lacus Pelso, Serbo-Croatian: Blatno jezero, Slovak: Blatenské jazero) is a freshwater lake in the Transdanubian region of Hungary. average depth of water: 3 meters. the average depth of the neighbouring Neusiedler See, which is roughly 1 m [3.3 ft]). It is unlikely that the Germans named the lake so for being shallow since the adjective platt is a Greek loanword that was borrowed via French and entered the general German vocabulary in the 17th century. Peculiarities of fishing on Balaton. The lake shelves slowly, so you can walk out for 500m or more before you are out of your depth, so it's very safe for children. Fishing on Lake Balaton There’s a long tradition of fishing at Lake Balaton, and despite a relatively low-depth, there is a variety of fishes in the lake. km and discharges into the lake from the south-west. Situated in the Transdanubian region of Hungary, Lake Balaton is the largest freshwater lake in Central Europe and one of the most famous tourist attractions in the country. It was called lacus Pelsodis or Pelso by the Romans. [12][13] It is also noteworthy that the average depth of Balaton (3.2m)[14] is not extraordinary for the area (cf. Other resort towns include: Balatonalmádi, Balatonboglár, Balatonlelle, Fonyód and Vonyarcvashegy. It was called lacus Pelsodis or Pelso by the Romans. While a few settlements on Lake Balaton, including Balatonfüred and Hévíz, have long been resort centres for the Hungarian aristocracy, it was only in the late 19th century that the Hungarian middle class began to visit the lake. Water outflow is through the sluice gates of Siófok, toward the eastern end of the lake, and the entire contents of the lake … Its area is about 266 square miles (688 sq km), including the marshy shores. Czech pleso ‘sinkhole, deep end of a lake’), later replaced by the Slavic *bolto (Czech bláto, Slovak blato, Polish błoto) meaning 'mud, swamp' (from earlier Proto-Slavic boltьno, Slovene: Blatno jezero,[6][7] Slovak: Blatenské jazero[8]). The fishing at Lake Balaton has a long tradition and offers variety of catches despite the low water level. Situated a little over 120 kilometers southwest of Budapest, Lake Balaton stretches out diagonally from the capital as a kind of lumpy oblong for 77 kilometers. Siófok is known for attracting young people to it because of its large clubs. T2 - a shallow pannonian water in the Carpathian Basin. Y1 - 1984/1/1. Balatonkenese has hosted numerous traditional gastronomic events. That is, the fish are not caught in tons of nets from the lake to serve … Sármellék International Airport provides air service to Balaton (although most service is only seasonal). The lake's surface freezes during winters. [19] It was visited by ordinary working Hungarians and especially for subsidised holiday excursions for labor union members. Lake Balaton is probably not a place you’d travel thousands of miles to visit, but if you’re in Hungary for an extended period of time the north shore of the lake is absolutely worth putting on the itinerary. The chemical composition of the lake differs greatly from that of most central European lakes. The deepest point is about 12 meters. Some of these fish form the basis of one of the popular regional dishes, halaszle with pasta, or fish soup. The bottom is flat and sandy. Water level was lowered by ap-proximately 1 meter in 1863, cutting off large marsh areas from the water system Lake Balaton is the biggest lake in Central Europe (600 km2), although the average water-depth is only 3 meters. Balaton – the lake on the west of Hungary, the hugest lake in Central Europe. Located on Lake Balaton, the city has been settled since Roman times. Overview Overview C-MAP 4D MAX+ is the latest evolution of electronic charting technology, combining award-winning vector chart data with exclusive Dynamic Raster Charts and the ability to view charts in 2D or amazing 3D presentation with high-resolution satellite imagery. The lakes surface area is 600 km2 with an average depth of around 10ft and predominantly a … Balaton is a lake in Hungary with large area (594 km2) and very shallow water depth (avg. Lake Balaton, largest lake of central Europe, located in central Hungary about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Budapest. The peak tourist season extends from June until the end of August. In the Tihany Narrows, the water currents flow with a speed of up to 5 feet (1.5 metres) per second. The town of Balatonfüred was also traditionally known for its medicinal springs. Its narrowest point can be found at Tihany where its width is only 1.5 km, while the distance from shore to shore can rise up to 13 km between Balatonvilágos and Balatonalmádi. Balatonfüred and Hévíz developed early as resorts for the wealthy, but it was not until the late 19th century when landowners, ruined by Phylloxera attacking their grape vines, began building summer homes to rent out to the burgeoning middle classes.[4]. It’s lake surface is 600 km2. This large lake (‘Plattensee’ in German) in Western Hungary, has an area of 596 km 2, a length of 70 km and an average depth of 3.30 m.It was created by the interaction of several forces of nature. Lake Balaton was formed less than 1,000 000 years ago, through the unification of five smaller lakes that were lying in the basin. Lake Balaton receives the waters of more than 30 small streams and mineral springs and is also fed by the Zala River, which enters the lake from the west. Being the largest lake in Central Europe, it provides a considerable surface for water lovers to enjoy the moment to the fullest in many different ways. [16], Lake Balaton affects the local area precipitation. Sitting in southwest Hungary, Lake Balaton is the largest lake in Central Europe.

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